Last modified on 1 January 2013, at 15:40

Appendix talk:Old French verbs

"Second conjugation verbs mainly are descended from the second conjugation in Latin. The -ire ending of Latin infinitives becomes -ir"

I believe the -ire (-īre) infinitive suffix is characteristic of Latin fourth conjugation verbs; the corresponding infinitive suffix of Latin second conjugation verbs is -ēre.

A note on etymologyEdit

The table below shows pairs of verbs. One of each pair is Modern French and the other Classical Latin. In each pair, the Classical Latin verb is presumably the etymological ancestor of the Modern French verb. (Note the long vowels: ā, ē, and ī in the 1st, 2nd, and 4th conjugation (respectively) infinitive suffixes. The 3rd conjugation infinitive suffix has short vowels: faciō, facere (3rd conjugation) versus habeō, habēre (2nd conjugation).)

Modern French Verb Classical Latin Verb
Nominal Form/Infinitive (Nominal Form) Infinitive Conjugation: Meaning
aimer (amō) amāre 1st: love, like
avoir (habeō) habēre 2nd: have
devoir (dēbeō) dēbēre 2nd: owe, ought, should, must
voir (videō) vidēre 2nd: see
faire (faciō) facere 3rd: make, do
mettre (mittō) mittere 3rd: send
venir (veniō) venīre 4th: come

Grosbach 22:01, 2 September 2011 (UTC)


Aren't imperative forms partez and partons mixed up? Ignatus (talk) 15:56, 5 May 2012 (UTC)

Sure looks like it. Fixed. Chuck Entz (talk) 15:40, 1 January 2013 (UTC)
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