Verbs where the ablaut vowel was followed by consonant other than a sonorant in Proto-Indo-European.
It is just like class 4, this class is rather small and has preserved a vowel length change between the singular and the plural forms of the past tense. But contrary to class 4, the vowel sound of the past participle is /eː/ and not /oː/. There are two variations:
- /eː/ - /ɑ/ - /aː/ - /eː/, for example: geven - gaf - gaven - gegeven
- /ɪ/ - /ɑ/ - /aː/ - /eː/, for example: zitten - zat - zaten - gezeten
The verbs of the second variation are the so-called j-presents, which originally had a j-suffix in the present tense.
Pages in category "Dutch class 5 strong verbs"
The following 66 pages are in this category, out of 66 total.