Last modified on 1 November 2014, at 21:26

Index:Proto-Indo-European/h


Indo-European: #-Zabcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz



hEdit

term definitions referencing pages
*h₃órbʰos
  • bereft1
*h₁ndʰ-ur-
  • road1
*h₁lewdʰ-
*hₐet-
  • to go1
*h₂ep-, *h₂eb-(r)
  • water1
  • body of water1
*h₁ep-
  • to take1
  • Albanian: jap
*h₃or-no-
  • eagle1
*h₂erH-
  • to be sparse1 2
*h₂epo
  • from, off, back1
  • off, from1
  • off, away1
*h₁epi
*h₂(e)nsu-yo-
*h₂l-i(e)h₂-
  • female grinder1
*h₂eb- -> *h₂ep-
*h₂ŕ̥tḱos
*h₂ewsṓs
*h₂ego-
*h₂neh₃
*h₂reu-i-
  • sun, sunshine1 2
*h₂éǵros
*h₂énkos
  • curve1 2
*h₂(V)nt-h₂-o-
*h₁eln-
  • red deer, elk1
*h₃erǵʰi
*h₂onkos
*h₂er-mn̥-tom
*h₂erkʷo-
*h₁leig-
*h₁reudʰ-ó-
  • red1
*h₃ebʰi
  • Polish: o
*h₂enh₁mos
*h₃neid-
  • curse1
*h₂egʷs-ih₂-
  • axe1
*h₂us-
  • pass the night1
*h₃eynos
*h₁su-
  • good1
*h₃estH-
*h₃és-no-
*h₂élbʰos
*h₂wes-
  • to dwell1
  • to live, stay, spend the night1
  • to reside1 2
  • to dwell, stay1
  • to dwell, live, reside1
  • to dwell, live1
*h₃reu-
*h₂eph₃ol-
*h₂weh₁yu-
  • wind, air1
*h₁eǵʰi-
*(h₂)moldos
  • soft, weak1 2 3
*h₁éi
  • Albanian: ai
  • Albanian: ajo
*h₁néwn̥̄ḱomt
*h₁ngʷni-
*h₂ógeh₂-
*h₃nobʰilos, *h₃nobh-ilos(r)
*h₂eu(h₁)-dʰ-.
  • Old Armenian: օդ
*h₂érbhos
  • orphaned1
*h₂engʷʰis
  • snake1
  • Russian: уж
  • Serbo-Croatian:
  • Serbo-Croatian: уж
*h₁h₁i-ueh₂-
*h₁ngʷnis
*h₁eǵʰs
  • Polish: z
  • Polish: ze
*h₁eser
*h₂enkos
*h₁eh₃l-én-
*h₂énh₂t-
  • duck1
*h₁ésh₂r̥
*h₁leudʰ
*h₂endʰos
*h₂r̥tós
  • fitted1
*h₁lóigei
*(h₂)moldus
  • soft, weak1 2 3
*h₃reǵ-
  • to rule1
  • straight, direct1
  • to straighten, direct1 2 3
  • chief, king1 2
  • ruler, king1
*h₁omh₁sos
*h₂eh₁s-
*h₂eulos
*h₁entrom
*h₂ént-i
*h₂ews-
  • dawn1
*h₃op-(i)-
  • force, ability1
*h₁ésmi -> *h₁es-
*(h₁)néwn-dḱomt
  • nine-ten1 2
*h₁gʷel-
*h₁u̯ers-
*h₂er-
  • to fit together, to link, to join1
  • to fix, put together1
  • to join properly1
  • to join1 2 3 4 5 6 7
  • to fit1
  • to join, fit (together)1 2
  • to join, fit together1
*h₃bʰrúHs
  • brow1
  • eyebrow, rim, edge1
*h₁y-
*h₂nḗr, *h₂nrós(r)
  • power, force, vital energy1 2
  • man; vital energy1 2 3 4
  • man, husband1
*h₁ed-
*h₂eǵs-
  • axle1
*h₁reug-
*(h₁)emno-
  • equal, straight; flat, level, even1
*h₂enh₁-ti-
*h₃nobh-ilos -> *h₃nobʰilos
  • navel1 2
*h₃ost-
*h₃ewp-s-
  • high1
*h₁o-
  • Ukrainian: і
*h₂eg'Ho
  • Old Irish: ag
*h₂erh₁-
*h₃elen-
*h₂weh₁-
*h₁esmi
  • Old Irish: am
*h₂eḱru-
*h₂eutos
*h₁ésti(r) -> *h₁es-
  • is1
  • (you) are (sg.)1
*h₃yebʰ-e/o-
*h₃meyǵʰ-
  • urinate1
  • to urinate1
*h₂euh₂-n-tlo
*h₃bʰruH-
*h₂euw
  • Albanian: ha
*h₂elut-
  • Icelandic: öl
  • Old Norse: ǫl
  • Proto-Germanic: *alu
*h₃nobʰ-
*h₃rew-
*h₁ews-
  • to burn1 2
*h₁rudʰrós
*h₂neḱ-
  • to reach, achieve, carry out1
*h₃ep-ni-
  • working1
*h₁lewdʰo-
  • people1 2
*h₂lōp-eh₂-s
*h₃dénts(r) -> *h₃dónts
*h₂weg-
  • to add, increase1 2
*h₂erǵn̥t-
*h₁éh₃s
  • mouth1
*h₁en-h₃orǵʰi-
  • uncastrated, male (ram or buck)1
*h₂ek-
  • sharp, pointed1
*h₂ondʰ-os-
*h₁oh₁i-ueh₂-
*h₃emos
*h₂(e)iǵ-ieh₂-
*h₁widʰéwh₂
  • widow1 2
*h₂ówis, *h₃éwis(r), *h₃éwis(r)
*h₂ewisd-
*h₃esko
  • Albanian: ah
*h₁onḱos
*h₁ar-mo-
*h₂endʰ-
*h₃esk-
*h₂egʷnos
*h₃dónts, *h₁dónts(r), *h₁dénts(r), *h₃dénts(r), *h₁dont-(r), *h₁dent-(r)
*h₁esti
  • Old Irish: is
*h₂(e)po
  • Polish: po
  • Serbo-Croatian: po
  • Serbo-Croatian: по
*h₁éh₃(o)s
*h₂ewg-
*h₂yuh₁on-
*h₃migʰleh₂
*h₂ner-to-
  • virile, strong1 2 3 4
*h₂eḱmoros
*h₂ens-
  • to engender, beget1
*h₂eti
  • Polish: od
  • Polish: ode
  • Serbo-Croatian: od
  • Serbo-Croatian: од
*h₂erh₃-
  • to plow1 2
  • to plough1 2 3
*h₂e(m)bʰoh₁
*h₁owHdʰr̥-
*h₂ueh₁-
  • to blow1
  • Old Armenian: օդ
*h₂op-
*h₁éti -> *éti
*h₂rei-
*h₁nómn̥(r)
*h₂éwis
*h₂(e)iǵ-ih₂-
  • goat1
*h₃okʷih₁
  • Albanian: sy
*h₂eno-
*h₂nk-ti-
*h₂en-
  • ancestor1
  • spirit1 2
  • old woman, ancestor1
*h₂euh₂-n-
*h₂u̯l(o)p
*h₂oyus
*h₂élteros
  • the other of two1 2 3
*h₃m̥bh-
*h₂elud-
  • beer1
*h₁es-, *h₁ést(r), *h₁ésmi(r), *h₁ési(r), *h₁ésti(r), *h₁ésmi(r)
*h₃és-i-
  • ash1
*h₃eu-
*h₂eǵʰ-
  • plough animal1
*h₁em-
  • to take, distribute1
  • to take1
*h₁epi-
  • on, at1
  • near, at, against1
*h₁euhdʰ-r̥-
*h₃érsos
  • arse1
*h₁ed-u-
*h₂eǵ-
*h₁eh₁tr̥
*h₂iHseh₂
  • shaft1 2
*h₂éwsōs
*h₂ew-
  • pass the night1
  • to see, perceive1 2 3 4 5 6 7
*h₃r̥swos
*h₂eiǵs
  • Albanian: edh
*h₁ewHdʰr̥-
*h₁dont-(r) -> *h₃dónts
  • tooth1
*h₂eiǵ-
*h₂ow-
*h₂ewH-
*h₂oyHsos
*h₃bʰrḗw-
  • brow1
  • eyebrow1
*h₂elbʰo-
  • white1
*h₂usṓs
*h₂neḱ-
  • to reach1
*h₂eyu-
  • life, age, eternity1
  • lifetime1 2 3
  • vital force1 2
  • vital energy1 2
  • vitality1
*h₂r-to-
*h₂(e/o)ws-kn̥-ih₁
*h₃ed-
  • aversion, hate1
  • to hate1 2
*h₂r̥-ti-
*h₂eyus
  • (allotted) lifetime1
*h₁ēdstos
  • eaten1
*h₂r̥-tu-
*h₂erHdʰ-, *er(ə)dʰ-(r)
*h₁reh₁-
*h₂r̥tís
  • fitting1 2
*h₁rep-
*h₃erǵʰi-
*h₁edʰlos
  • Serbo-Croatian: jela
*h₃éwis -> *h₂ówis
  • sheep1 2
*h₂enǵʰu-
*h₂épo
*h₂is-sk-
*h₁rudʰros
  • red1
*h₂leh₁ur̥
*h₃nogʰ-
*h₁sh₂-én-
*h₃bʰel-
*h₃nobh
  • navel1
*h₁ói-no-
*h₁neḱ-
  • to carry1
*h₁ens
*h₂énHt-ih₂
*h₂weyd-
*h₂eb-l-o-
*h₃ep-os-
  • work1
*h₂ws-s-i
*h₂éusos
  • Albanian: err
*h₁ōd
  • Serbo-Croatian: a
  • Serbo-Croatian: а
  • Slovak: a
*h₂eh₃
  • be hot, burn1
*h₁wih₁ḱm̥ti
*h₁énteros
*(h₁)néwn̥̄ḱomt
*h₂eḱ
  • sharp1
*h₂óst
  • bone1
*h₂u-es-
*h₁engʷ-
*h₁oih₁-ueh₂-
*h₂el-
  • to raise, feed, nourish1
  • beyond1 2 3
  • to grow1 2 3 4
*h₂entíos, *antios(r)
*h₁oh₁ḱu-
  • swift1
*h₁n̥-
*h₁egʷʰ-, *h1egh3(r), *h1egh3(r)
*h₂ebl-o-
  • apple1
*h₂eim-
*h₃meiǵʰ-
*h₁roug-h₂-
*h₃roǵéye-
*h₂engʷʰi-
  • snake1
  • Old Armenian: օձ
*h₁ey-
*h₂érh₃trom
*h₁oh₁s-
  • mouth1
*h₂(e)rmos
*h₂welk-
  • to pull1
  • Albanian: heq
*h₃reǵtós
  • having moved in a straight line1 2
*h₁r(e/o)h₂d-
*h₁néwn̥, *(h₁)néwn(r), *(h₁)néwn̥(r)
*h₁rh₃dh-wo-
  • high, steep1 2 3 4
*h₂elbʰi-
*h₃kʷ-
  • eye1
*h₂eiti-
*h₁és-
*h₂élyos, *ályos(r)
*hₐógehₐ-
  • berry1
*h₂stḗr
*h₂ōwyóm
*h₁ést(r) -> *h₁es-
*h₂r-nu-
*h₂éwh₂os, *h₂ewh₂yos(r)
  • maternal uncle, maternal grandfather1
*h₂(e)ug-(y)e-mi
*h₃ep-, *op-1(r), *op-(r)
  • work1
  • to work1 2 3
  • to work > to possess1
*h₂(e)bʰro-
  • strong, mighty1
*h₁éḱwos, *h₁éḱus(r)
*h₂enh₁-
*hₐebōl
  • apple, apple-tree1 2
*h₃ebhi
  • Serbo-Croatian: o
  • Serbo-Croatian: о
*h₂ongʷʰ-
*h₂enǵh-
  • tight, painfully constricted, painful1 2
*h₁rebh-
*h₁su
  • well, good1
*h₃iHseh₂
  • shaft1
*h₂elios
*h₁eǵʰis
*h₂po
  • Lithuanian: po
  • Proto-Slavic: *po
*h₂grom-
*h₂eh₃mos
*h₃st-dʰ-
*h₂ŕ̥mos
*h₂eḱsi
*h₂enk-
  • to bend, curve1
  • to bend1
*h₁el-
  • elbow1
*h₂enǵʰ-
  • narrow1 2
*h₂wĺ̥h₁neh₂
*h₂erǵó-
*h₁ewegʷʰ-
*h₁orso-
  • arse1
  • Old Armenian: ոռ
*h₂lh₁-tr-i(H)-eh₂-
*h₁ngʷ-o/ōl-o-
*h₃ou-
*h₂rǵnto-
  • silver1
*h₁orsos
*h₂ew-is-d-
*h₂élbʰit
  • Albanian: elb
*h₂ewh₂yos -> *h₂éwh₂os
*h₁wih₁ḱm̥t
*h₁(e)nter
  • between1
*h₁elh₁ēn
  • red deer, elk1 2
*h₂engulos
  • joint?1 2
*h2orbho-
  • orphan1
*h₂euh₂-
*h₁ḗd-
*h₂ulp
*h₂yuh₁ení-
  • young1
*h₃orǵʰ-i-
*h₂nrós -> *h₂nḗr
*h₂ekro-
*h₂ew
  • away1
  • Albanian: hyj
  • Old Irish: úa
  • Polish: u
  • Serbo-Croatian: jur
  • Serbo-Croatian: u
  • Serbo-Croatian: јур
*h₂ns-u-ro
*h₂(e)rti
  • now1
*h₂(e)nHti-
  • duck1
*h₂er
*h₁eh₂per-
*h₃esdos
*h₁ésh₂r̥
*h₂ḱ-él-m
*h₂eh₃mr̥
  • heat1
*h₂yuh₁an-
*h₂énsus
*h₃rdʰwo-
  • high, upright1
*h₃er-
  • eagle1
*h₂ew-m-
*h₂epero-
*hₐei̯es
*h₃owis
  • sheep1
*h₂eis-sk-
*h₂eHs-
  • hearth; ash1
*h₁élem
*h₂onḱos
*h₁epye/o-
  • Albanian: jap
*h₁sónts
  • being, existing1
*h₃(o)kʷih₁
  • both eyes1
*h₂éǵʰ-r̥/n̥-
  • day1
*h₃nogʰu
  • nail1
*h₃nōr-yo-
*h₁éḱweh₂
*h₂yuh₁en
*h₂melǵ-
*h₂enti
*h₁ln̥gʷʰrós
  • light1
*h₂op
  • (flowing) water, river1
*h₁(o)l-Hn-th₂o-
  • deer, hind1
*h₂melg̑-
*h₂rteh₂-wen-
*h₁mo-yo
*h₂eus-
*h₃moygʰos
  • fog, cloud1
*h₃eros
*h₂rH-mo-
*h₂egʷʰno-
*h₂eḱ-
  • sharp1 2 3 4
  • sharp, pointed1
*h₂nk-to-
  • bending, bent arm1
*h₂erǵí-
  • white, shining1
*h₂élsnos
*h₂Hs-g-m
*-h₂
*h₃olyos
  • all1
*h₂egʷ-n-
  • lamb1
*h₁ongʷl-
*h₂keus-
*h₂po + dʰh₁-o-
*h₃yebʰ-
*h₂élis
*h₂ous- -> *h₂ows-
*h₂r̥tús
  • that which is fit together; juncture, ordering1
*h₃eyd-
  • to swell1 2
*h₂yuH-nk̑-o-
*h₃ewi-peh₂-
*h₃nogʷʰ-
*h₂engʷʰ-
*h₁l̥mos
  • mountain elm1
*h₂ebol-ni-
*h₃émsos
*h₁eugʷh-
*h₂ml̥ǵ-
*h₂erǵ-
*h₁enter
*h1egh3 -> *h₁egʷʰ-
*h₂ermos
*h₂ḱrós
  • sharp1 2
*h₁me-
  • me1
  • Old Armenian: իմ
*(h₂)m̥ldus
  • soft, weak1
*h₃rḗǵs
*h₂wl(o)p
*h₂eyos
  • metal1
*h₂éḱ-ōl
*(h₂)merHgʷ-
*h₁léngʰus -> *h₁lengʷʰ-
  • light1 2
*h₂l-
  • to grind1 2
*h₂(H)s-gʰ-
*h₁(e)h₂no-
*h₂eng-ul-
  • joint?1
*h₁eh₂ter-
*h₂oḱris
  • sharp edge, top, angle, corner1 2
*h₃ol-yo-
*h₁wekʷom
*h₂yuh₁en-
*h₂ḱ-
*h₂mbʰi
*h₁éh₃g-o-
  • berry1
*h₂en-ero-
*h₃ósdos
  • branch1
*h₁enos
  • that1
*h₂érye-
*h₂enk-u-l-
*h₂oren
*h₂rk-
*h₂érkʷo-
  • bow, arrow1
*h₁er-
*h₃pn-e/os-s
*h₁en
  • Ancient Greek: ἐν
  • Latin: in
  • Old Armenian: ի
  • Polish: w
  • Polish: we
  • Portuguese: em
*h₁lengʷʰ-, *h₁léngʰus(r)
*h₁ey
  • Serbo-Croatian: i
  • Serbo-Croatian: и
*h₂erg-
  • to shine1 2 3
*h₁eiH-
*h₂eng-
*h₂(e)rH-mo-
*h₁rewdʰ-
*h₂(e)gʰl-i
*h₂eph₃ōl
*h₃engʷen-
*h₂owis
*h₃(o)kʷ-
  • eye1
*h₁webʰ-
  • to weave, wave1
*h₁éḱus(r) -> *h₁éḱwos
*h₃éngʷō
*h₁éyti
  • Albanian: eci
*h₂ǵ-
  • to drive, lead1
*h₁uHdʰr̥-
*h₂yuh₁n-
*h₂rtós
  • fitted1
*h₃ep-(i)-
*h₂énti
  • facing opposite, near, in front of, before1
  • Old English: and
*h₂(e)ngʷʰi-
  • snake1
*h₂eu-
*h₃eren
*h₂entí
*h₁op-
  • to work, to take1
*h₂elyo-
  • other, out of a group of more than two1 2 3
*h₁e-
  • Ukrainian: і
*h₂oug-
*h₂elyos
*h₁lewdʰ-o-
  • men, people1 2
*h₂ows-, *h₂ous-(r), *h₂ous-(r)
  • ear1
*h₃ekʷ-
*h₂é-h₂us-o-
  • glow1
*h₁usli
  • Albanian: yll
*h₂ent-
  • front, front side1 2
*h₁régʷos
*h₃egʷʰi-
*h₃bʰel
*h₃nēbʰ-
  • navel, nave1
*h₂euh₂o-
*h₁ergʰ-
*h₂ḱh₂owsyé-
  • to be sharp-eared1
*h₃emsos
*hₐébl̥
*h₃éngʷn̥
*h₂éḱmō
  • stone1
  • stone, rock1
*h₂enh₂ti
*h₂ekʷeh₂
*h₂népōts
*h₃bʰruh₂
*h₂enh₁-ǵʰ-
*hₐet-nos-
*h₃ngʷ-
  • to anoint1
*h₃migʰ-leh₂
*h₁oliteh₂-
*h₂awks-
*h₁esmi-
  • to be1
*h₂eb-ōl-s