Reasons for stub (but maybe "rfc" is better):
- Etymology in wrong place, thou art sense has different etymology.
- The definition given could be tighter.
- The sense as in art of computer programming or liberal art is missing.
- All kinds of interesting related terms (black art, fine art, liberal art, artist, artful, folk art etc., etc. are missing)
- Could use a Wikipedia link
- Proper Noun (Arthur etc.).
By the first definition, wouldn't drugs be art? -DanielLC
Why are there two Interlingua translations for English art?--Kip122 00:46, 19 October 2008 (UTC)
The problem with these definitions is they are defining a specific art, or a group of art types. They are not defining what art really is. In addition, there are two different uses of the term that are not encompassed by these definitions. Consider the usage "state of the art" when applied to technology. Now consider the same usage - "State of the art" when applied to a dance troupe or modern painting school. There are also subtle distinctions for a given piece of art. Consider for example of the art rendered by a great pianist playing Beethoven's "Moonlight Sonata". How is that both similar and different from the art rendered by Beethoven when he composed "Moonlight Sonata"?
At one point in history a judge had to determine what is art (I believe it was during a obscenity law suit involving Mapplethorpe). The judge could not find an adequate answer and so concluded that "art is what artists do". From that standpoint, and also considering that many people felt Mapplethorpe was an artist, than the judge concluded if Mapplethorpe (an artist) declared what he did was art, who was the judge to disagree. Critics may argue that it is good or bad art, but it was still art. The case against Mapplethorpe was dropped.
So let us get to the real definition of art, and not the judges definition. The real definition of art is two-fold. The first part is that art is a creative process. Creating something that did not exist before is an act of art. Therefore, the statement "state of the art" when applied to technology is describing the state of the creative process in a technological setting. Great creativity can be appreciated and praise whether it is a painting or a computer chip. Creativity is still rare enough that it can be cherished and appreciated.
But, creativity does not cover the piano player performing "Beethoven". Oh, I will fully admit that the player may add a certain amount of personal touch to the piece. That player may enhance spots that were not enhanced in the original score; may downplay spots that Beethoven wanted enhanced. But, that is not the same as creativity. That is interpretation. The musical notes are Beethoven's. It was Beethoven that did the creative part. Yet, the player can still be a great artist. Therefore, there needs to be a definition of art that encompasses the piano player. What is the piano player doing? Why is one piano player considered great and another grating?
The second part of art is the communication of emotion. It is easy to communicate ideas. We do it all the time. Heck, the abbreviated language of texting can communicate ideas, fact, and data quickly and succinctly (unlike me, who is verbose and long-winded). Communicating emotion is difficult. You can write the words "I Love You" to someone, but that is a fact, a data point. That does not communicate the emotional impact of love to the other person. On the other hand, the play “Romeo and Juliet” communicates a concept of love so powerful the people are willing to die for that emotion. That is art because those experiencing the play can feel the emotion, the pain, the suffering, the ecstasy that goes with that emotion. It is no longer a data point, a statement of fact; the work of the artists has rendered the production into a communication of emotion from the artist to the audience.
This then gives us two axis of the art "graph" - the creative axis and the emotional content axis. We can then divide the "artistic graph" into four quadrants (consider the irony of using a math metaphor to study art). If the vertical axis is creativity and the horizontal axis is emotional content, then we can analyze each quadrant separately, examining the meaning of each. In the lower left is the quadrant that contains neither large amounts of creativity nor large amounts of emotional content. That quadrant is the mundane, the normal, the everyday existence. I call this quadrant the technician quad. While “technician” implies something technical, the true meaning of the technician is one who implements something, who makes, builds, fixes, or otherwise works something. While there may be some emotional content and some creativity it never breaks into the level that anyone would call "art".
The upper left quadrant is the creative quadrant. Here we see the creation of things that never existed before. While I like to call this the engineering quadrant, it goes way beyond engineering. However, the reason I refer this quadrant as the engineering quadrant is because engineers render concepts into created products - whether those products are bridges, buildings, computers, software, or whatever, it is an engineering effort to create something new and different that did not exist before. Some say (Heinlein was a good one for this rant) that modern art is devoid of emotion. If that is the case, then the modern sculpture or painting is a work of engineering not art. Note that creating a copy of something is also not art nor is it engineering. While something is created, it is not new or original. The first wheel was a creative piece of art. The 1000th wheel is just a copy. Originality is what gets you into the upper left quad. Duplication moves you down into the lower left.
The lower right quadrant is reserved for the communication of emotions. Great emotional communication is a powerful force. I call this quadrant the performing arts quadrant, although it is more than just the performing arts, and more people do it than performing artists. However, great performing artists, whether actors, singers, musicians, mimes, or comedians, all are great at allowing the audience to empathize with the artist – to feel what the artist is feeling. Powerful performers leave an audience stunned with emotional impact. There may be no true creativity. They are performing something that another person created (an author or composor or correographer). However, they are communicating emotion, and that is the second part of art – the communication of emotion. There are performers who are technically perfect in their implementation, but bring no emotional connection to the audience. Those people would be performance technicians, but are not performing artists.
We now come to the upper right hand corner. In this corner we have both creativity and emotional content. I call this the true artist quad, but again, it is more than that. These people create something that never existed before and that thing has great emotional content. Leonardo was both a great creative, emotionally impactful artist (consider the “Last Supper”) in the upper right quad, but he was also a great engineer in the upper left quad (consider his various flying machines). Using the judges definition, his emotion-free creations are still art (since he is an artist), they just lack the emotional impact of true art. The great masters (Van Gogh, Picasso, Mozart, Debussy, and Michael Angelo, to name a few) showed both great creativity and great emotional content. They are true artists because they are both creative and emotional communicators.
So, there we have it. The true definition of art is:
1a Creation of something new 1b Communications of emotion
However, without context, these definitions lack the force of what they really are (maybe to define art you need to communicate emotionally and creatively) and therefore are less satisfying than some of the other definitions. Therefore, the reason for this long-winded discussion item is “how do we put these definitions out there?” This is especially a problem since no dictionary defines art in this way (and therefore, they to lack the true definition of art). Sid1138 15:19, 13 April 2009 (UTC)
- Interesting. 220.127.116.11 16:29, 7 December 2011 (UTC)
Where are the citations for this article? For definition one, where is it cited that it must be human? Couldn't there be art on some other planet? Why not? Is it based on the observation that no other species has been found engaging in art? What if I could cite experts in peer-reviewed papers saying that they'd found one such species, right here on this planet? 18.104.22.168 04:14, 8 December 2011 (UTC)