Germanic Cognates include Dutch deeg, Old English dāh, dāg (Modern English dough), Old Norse deig (whence Icelandic deig, Norwegian deig, Swedish deg, Danish dej) and Gothic 𐌳𐌰𐌹𐌲𐍃 (daigs). Compare Finnish taikina and Estonian taigen which appear to be early borrowings from Proto-Germanic.
Non-Germanic-Cognates include Ancient Greek τεῖχος (teikhos, “mound, fortification”), Latin fingere (compare fiction), Old Irish digen (“firm, solid”), Old Armenian դէզ (dēz, “pile, heap”), Sanskrit देह (dēha, “body”), देग्धि (degdhi, “to smear, to plaster”). From the different meanings of the cognates in the derivated languages we can assume that "to knead (clay)" or "to mold (with a clay-ilke/dough-like substance)" was the original meaning as the Indo-Europeans probably built their homes using wet clay as a binder for wood and straw. 
- dough, paste (a soft mixture of various ingredients such as flour and water used for baking)
- Pizzateig — pizza dough
- dünnflüssiger Teig — liquid dough
- pastry (the dough which is used as a base for other pastry products)
- batter (a beaten mixture of egg and milk, mainly used for frying; e.g.: waffles, pancakes)