Last modified on 5 June 2014, at 17:30
See also: teig

GermanEdit

Pizzateig — pizza dough

EtymologyEdit

From Middle High German teic, from Old High German teig, teic (attested since the 9th century); from Proto-Germanic *daigaz, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰeiǵʰ- (to knead, to mold, to form).

Germanic Cognates include Dutch deeg, Old English dāh, dāg (Modern English dough), Old Norse deig (whence Icelandic deig, Norwegian deig, Swedish deg, Danish dej) and Gothic 𐌳𐌰𐌹𐌲𐍃 (daigs). Compare Finnish taikina and Estonian taigen which appear to be early borrowings from Proto-Germanic.

Non-Germanic-Cognates include Ancient Greek τεῖχος (teîkhos, mound, fortification), Latin fingere (compare fiction), Old Irish digen (firm, solid), Old Armenian դէզ (dēz, pile, heap), Sanskrit देह (deha, body), देग्धि (degdhi, to smear, to plaster). From the different meanings of the cognates in the derivated languages we can assume that "to knead (clay)" or "to mold (with a clay-ilke/dough-like substance)" was the original meaning as the Indo-Europeans probably built their homes using wet clay as a binder for wood and straw.[1] [2]

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /taɪ̯k/ (standard)
  • IPA(key): /taɪ̯ç/ (northern and central Germany; chiefly colloquial)
  • Hyphenation: Teig
  • Rhymes: -aɪ̯k
  • Homophone: Teich (not according to standard pronunciation)

NounEdit

Teig m (genitive Teigs or Teiges, plural Teige)

  1. dough, paste (a soft mixture of various ingredients such as flour and water used for baking)
    Pizzateig — pizza dough
    dünnflüssiger Teig — liquid dough
  2. pastry (the dough which is used as a base for other pastry products)
  3. batter (a beaten mixture of egg and milk, mainly used for frying; e.g.: waffles, pancakes)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Pfeifer, Wolfgang. 1995, 2005. Etymologisches Wörterbuch des Deutschen. München: dtv. ISBN 3423325119.
  2. ^ "dough (n.)" in the Online Etymology Dictionary, Douglas Harper, 2001

External linksEdit

  • Teig in Duden online