Last modified on 21 August 2013, at 09:39


This is intended to augment policy at WT:Entry layout explained#References.


References are used to give credit to sources of information used here as well as to provide authority to such information. Importantly, references are not considered primary sources so do not count as 'uses' for the purposes of Wiktionary:Criteria for inclusion#Attestation. References are not mandatory for any entry, because Wiktionary includes terms based on their real-world usage, not inclusion in other dictionaries, encyclopedias and glossaries (and so on).

References are useful when they relevant information, such as pronunciation, etymology, context (and so on)


Etymologies involving reconstructed terms or unclear and disputed etymons generally need sources. This is particularly pertinent to any etymology containing terms such as perhaps, probably or likely. Due to the limited space that Wiktionary etymologies occupy - a few sentences at best, Wikipedia-style inline citations are generally not needed to back up particular statements, and a simple L3 ===Reference=== section enumerating the sources would suffice, ideally by using some of the reference templates that take page/volume numbers, or link to an online version of the respective source. Editors are encouraged to create new reference templates for often-used references.

When there is a single source for etymology, or the etymology is widely accepted (so that author's name doesn't matter) it is not necessary to mention the author of the etymology. But if any doubts as to the origin of the explanation (or multiple etymologies) exist, it is necessary to mention the author/work. Newer works that are more up-to-date with modern scholarship have precedence over the old ones. In case when several equally plausible etymologies (theories of origin, reconstructions) exist, all of them have to be mentioned per NPOV policy. Etymologies that are doubtful can be tagged with the template {{rfv-etymology}} (which takes a language code for the respective language, and optionally adds an entry for discussion in the Etymology Scriptorium). Particularly doubtful etymologies without any sources should be removed on sight.


References which refer to a specific definition or a specific part of an entry should be wrapped up in <ref></ref>, with a <references/> tag under the ===References=== headers. References referring to an entry as a whole, or many parts of an entry should be listed directly under the ===References=== header, usually preceded by a bullet (*).

References may be requested with the {{unreferenced}} template. This template should not be used for definitions, as definitions rely on primary, not secondary sources.


* {{R:Century 1911}}
* {{R:Webster 1913}}



See alsoEdit