Wiktionary:Semantic relations

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There are several different kinds of semantic relations and at least the following ones are relevant to Wiktionary. Terms that are semantically related to a given term can be included both at the term’s page and at a Wikisaurus page.


Relation Description Section
Synonymy Each listed synonym denotes the same as this entry. ====Synonyms====
Antonymy Each listed antonym denotes the opposite of this entry. ====Antonyms====
Hypernymy Each listed hypernym is superordinate to this entry; This entry’s referent is a kind of that denoted by listed hypernym. ====Hypernyms====
Hyponymy Each listed hyponym is subordinate to this entry; Each listed hyponym’s referent is a kind of that denoted by this entry. ====Hyponyms====
Meronymy Each listed meronym denotes part of this entry’s referent. ====Meronyms====
Holonymy Each listed holomym has this entry’s referent as a part of itself; this entry’s referent is part of that of each listed holonym. ====Holonyms====
Troponymy Each listed troponym denotes a particular way to do this entry’s referent. ====Troponyms====
Coordinate term Each listed coordinate term shares a hypernym with this entry. ====Coordinate terms====
Otherwise related Each listed “otherwise related” term semantically relates to this entry. ====See also====

GeneralEdit

So you have a word that is semantically related to another word? You want to add it to Wiktionary?

Before you do that consider this:

  • Are you sure anybody would really find it useful?
    • If not forget about it.
  • Doesn’t this really belong somewhere else?
  • Should this really be on either the page for the first or the page of the second word?
    • Perhaps this belongs in the appendix?
    • Perhaps a category should function an intermediate?
    • Perhaps some other word or words should function as an intermediate?

TransitivityEdit

Some of the relations are marked as transitive. Note that a word can only serve as a transitive link if both of the other words relates to the same meaning.

See alsoEdit

  • Wiktionary:Syntactic relations

SynonymyEdit

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Definition: Each listed synonym denotes the same as this entry.
Properties: symmetric and reflexive
Section: ====Synonyms====

Synonymy is a symmetric and reflexive relation.

ExamplesEdit

UsageEdit

===Synonyms===
* [[synonym]]

AntonymyEdit

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Definition: Each listed antonym denotes the opposite of this entry.
Properties: symmetric
Section: ====Antonyms====

Antonymy is a symmetric relation.

ExamplesEdit

UsageEdit

===Antonyms===
* [[antonym]]

HypernymyEdit

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Definition: Each listed hypernym is superordinate to this entry. This entry’s referent is (one of) the kind(s) of things each hypernym refers to.
Properties: transitive
Section: ====Hypernyms====

Hypernymy is a transitive relation.

ExamplesEdit

UsageEdit

===Hypernyms===
* [[hypernym]]

HyponymyEdit

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Definition: Each listed hyponym is subordinate to this entry. Each hyponym refers to a specific kind of the thing described by this entry.
Properties: transitive
Section: ====Hyponyms====

Hyponymy is a transitive relation.

ExamplesEdit

UsageEdit

===Hyponyms===
* [[hyponym]]

MeronymyEdit

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Definition: Each listed meronym denotes part of this entry’s referent.
Properties: transitive
Section: ====Meronyms====

Meronymy is a transitive relation.

ExamplesEdit

UsageEdit

===Meronym===
* [[meronym]]

HolonymyEdit

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Definition: Each listed holonym has this entry’s referent as a part of itself; this entry’s referent is part of each listed holonym.
Properties: transitive
Section: ====Holonyms====

Holonymy is a transitive relation.

ExamplesEdit

UsageEdit

===Holonyms===
* [[holonym]]

TroponymyEdit

Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia

Definition: Each listed troponym denotes a particular way to do this entry’s referent.
Properties: transitive
Section: ====Troponyms====

Troponymy is a transitive relation.

ExamplesEdit

UsageEdit

===Troponyms===
* [[troponym]]

Coordinate termEdit

Definition: Each listed coordinate term shares a hypernym with this entry.
Properties: symmetric and reflexive
Section: ====Coordinate terms====

Most coordinate terms should not be added to this section. They should be added as categories instead. Only words that don’t belong in any other sections and are strongly related should be here.

ExamplesEdit

UsageEdit

[[Category:Category of shared hypernym]]
or
===Coordinate terms===
* [[coordinate term]]

Otherwise relatedEdit

Definition: Each listed “otherwise related” term semantically relates to this entry.
Section: ===See also===

If you don’t know exactly how a word is semantically related to the word you are trying to define please add to this section. However, since almost all words are semantically related to each other on some abstract level, please use your own judgement on whether somebody possibly would find it useful.

Note: Many editors also put inline sister-project links (e.g. {{PL:books}}), as well as examples of a term's referent (e.g. images at head) in the See also section.

UsageEdit

===See also===
* [[related term]]

Note that for etymologically related words (in the same language), the header ====Related terms==== should be used – see Wiktionary:Etymology.

See alsoEdit

Last modified on 12 February 2014, at 02:27