Last modified on 9 August 2014, at 01:00

abraid

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English abraiden, abreiden (to start up, awake, move, reproach), from Old English ābreġdan (to move quickly, vibrate, draw, draw from, remove, unsheath, wrench, pull out, withdraw, take away, draw back, free from, draw up, raise, lift up, start up), from Proto-Germanic *uz- (out) + *bregdaną (to move, swing), from Proto-Indo-European *bhrēḱ-, *bhrēǵ- (to shine), equivalent to a- +‎ braid. Related to Dutch breien (to knit), German bretten (to knit).

Alternative formsEdit

VerbEdit

abraid (third-person singular simple present abraids, present participle abraiding, simple past and past participle abraided or abraid)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To wrench (something) out. [10th-13th c.]
  2. (intransitive, obsolete) To wake up. [11th-18th c.]
    • 1596, Edmund Spenser, The Faerie Queene, IV.6:
      But when as I did out of sleepe abray, / I found her not where I her left whyleare […].
    • 1600, Edward Fairfax, The Jerusalem Delivered of Tasso, XIII, l:
      But from his study he at last abray'd,
      Call'd by the hermit old...
  3. (intransitive, archaic) To spring, start, make a sudden movement. [from 11th c.]
  4. (intransitive, transitive, obsolete) To shout out. [15th-16th c.]
  5. (transitive, obsolete) To rise in the stomach with nausea. [16th-19th c.]
Related termsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Middle English abrede. More at abread.

AdverbEdit

abraid (comparative more abraid, superlative most abraid)

  1. Alternative form of abread.

ReferencesEdit

  • The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, 5th edition

IrishEdit

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

abraid

  1. (archaic, Munster) third-person plural present indicative dependent of abair
  2. (archaic, Munster) third-person plural present subjunctive of abair

Usage notesEdit

The standard modern form is deir siad in the indicative and go ndeire siad in the subjunctive.

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Eclipsis with h-prothesis with t-prothesis
abraid n-abraid habraid t-abraid
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.