Last modified on 20 September 2014, at 14:18

absurd

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

First attested in 1557. From Middle French absurde, from Latin absurdus (incongruous, dissonant, out of tune),[1] from ab (away from, out) + surdus (silent, deaf, dull-sounding).[2] Compare surd.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

absurd (comparative absurder or more absurd, superlative absurdest or most absurd)

  1. Contrary to reason or propriety; obviously and flatly opposed to manifest truth; inconsistent with the plain dictates of common sense; logically contradictory; nonsensical; ridiculous; silly. [First attested in the mid 16th century.][3]
    • 1591, William Shakespeare, Henry VI, Part I, V-iv
      This proffer is absurd and reasonless.
    • ca. 1710, Alexander Pope
      This phrase absurd to call a villain great
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 17, The Mirror and the Lamp:
      “Perhaps it is because I have been excommunicated. It's absurd, but I feel like the Jackdaw of Rheims.” ¶ She winced and bowed her head. Each time that he spoke flippantly of the Church he caused her pain.
  2. (obsolete) Inharmonious; dissonant. [Attested only in the early 17th century.][3]
  3. Having no rational or orderly relationship to people's lives; meaningless; lacking order or value.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Adults have condemned them to live in what must seem like an absurd universe. - Joseph Featherstone
  4. Dealing with absurdism.

Usage notesEdit

  • More and most absurd are the preferred or more common form of the comparable, as opposed to absurder and absurdest.
  • Among the synonyms:
    • Irrational is the weakest, denoting that which is plainly inconsistent with the dictates of sound reason; as, an irrational course of life.
    • Foolish rises higher, and implies either a perversion of that faculty, or an absolute weakness or fatuity of mind; as, foolish enterprises.
    • Absurd rises still higher, denoting that which is plainly opposed to received notions of propriety and truth; as, an absurd man, project, opinion, story, argument, etc.
    • Preposterous rises still higher, and supposes an absolute inversion in the order of things; or, in plain terms, a "putting of the cart before the horse;" as, a preposterous suggestion, preposterous conduct, a preposterous regulation or law.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

absurd (plural absurds)

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Wikipedia

  1. (obsolete) An absurdity. [Attested from the early 17th century until the mid 17th century.][3]
  2. (philosophy) The opposition between the human search for meaning in life and the inability to find any; the state or condition in which man exists in an irrational universe and his life has no meaning outside of his existence. [First attested in the early 20th century.][3]

Usage notesEdit

  • (philosophy): Absurd is sometimes preceded by the word the.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

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ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Laurence Urdang (editor), The Random House College Dictionary (Random House, 1984 [1975], ISBN 0-394-43600-8), page 7
  2. ^ Philip Babcock Gove (editor), Webster's Third International Dictionary of the English Language, Unabridged (G. & C. Merriam Co., 1976 [1909], ISBN 0-87779-101-5), page 8
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 2003 [1933], Lesley Brown editor, The Shorter Oxford English Dictionary, edition 5th, Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press, ISBN 978-0-19-860575-7, page 10:

CatalanEdit

AdjectiveEdit

absurd m (feminine absurda, masculine plural absurds, feminine plural absurdes)

  1. absurd

Derived termsEdit

NounEdit

absurd m (plural absurds)

  1. absurdity

DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin absurdus (discordant, unreasonable).

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /absurd/, [ɑbˈsuɐ̯ˀd̥]

AdjectiveEdit

absurd (neuter absurd, definite and plural absurde)

  1. absurd
  2. (adverbial) absurdly

Derived termsEdit


GermanEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

absurd (comparative absurder, superlative am absurdesten)

  1. absurd

DeclensionEdit

External linksEdit


LuxembourgishEdit

AdjectiveEdit

absurd

  1. absurd

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit


PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

absurd m

  1. nonsense
    Jego propozycje to jeden wielki absurd.
    His suggestions are one big load of nonsense.

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

External linksEdit

  • absurd” in Polish dictionaries at PWN

SwedishEdit

AdjectiveEdit

absurd

  1. absurd

DeclensionEdit

Related termsEdit