Last modified on 27 August 2014, at 16:54

adcí

Old IrishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Celtic *ad-kʷiso-, from Proto-Indo-European *kʷeis- (observe) (compare Sanskrit चायति (cāyati, perceives)) or Proto-Indo-European *kʷes- (compare Sanskrit चक्षति (cakṣati, sees)). The deuterotonic perfect forms and the present indicative ro-form ad·rodarcar are from the Proto-Celtic stem *derk-, from Proto-Indo-European *derḱ- (to see); cognate with Sanskrit दृश् (dṛś), Greek δέρκομαι (dérkomai), Old English torht (bright, clear), Albanian dritë (light).

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

ad·cí (prototonic ·aicci, verbal noun aicsiu)

  1. see, behold
  2. perceive
  3. (in passive) seem, appear
    • c. 750, Preface to Saint Patrick's Breastplate, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus, (1901–03, Cambridge University Press; reprinted 1975, 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, 2:354–58:
      conid annsin atchessa fiad lucht na netarnade comtis aige alta ⁊ iarróe ina ndiaid .i. Benen
      And then it appeared before those lying in ambush that they were wild deer with a fawn (Benén) following them.

For more examples of usage of this term, see the citations page.

ConjugationEdit

Usage notesEdit

The present-tense ro-forms ·airciu, ad·rodarcar, etc., mean “can see”, “can be seen”, etc.

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

MutationEdit

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
ad·cí ad·chí ad·cí
pronounced with /-ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.