aridus

LatinEdit

Alternative formsEdit

  • ardus (less common, contracted form)

EtymologyEdit

From the verb āreo (I am dry, I am parched), akin to ārdeō (I'm on fire, I burn).

AdjectiveEdit

āridus m (feminine ārida, neuter āridum); first/second declension

  1. dry, parched, withered, arid
    Montes aridi sterilesque.
    Parched and barren mountains.
    Arida ligna.
    Dry wood.
    Terra arida et sicca.
    An arid and dry ground.
  2. (of things) dry, lean, meagre, shrivelled; withered (e.g. from disease)
    Uvis aridior puella passis.[1]
    A damsel drier than the raisin'd grape.
    Vita horrida atque arida.
    Rough and meagre life.
  3. (rhetorical style, orators) uninspired, jejune, spiritless
    Aridi magistri.
    Uninspired teachers.
    Sicci omnino atque aridi pueri.
    Sapless lads, altogether, and dry.
  4. (slang) avaricious, someone greedy or stingy (confer the tongue-in-cheek term Argentiexterebronides (the name of one who is skilled in extorting money; a sponger))

Derived termsEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • Sometimes used of thirst; sitis arida guttor urit (thirst unquenched still burns all his throat) and os aridum habens (having a dry mouth)
  • Of a fever meaning to "cause thirst"; used with febris (fever) and morbus (sickness, illness)
  • Of color; arbor folio convoluto, arido colore.
  • Also used of cracking or snapping sound, as when dry wood is broken; aridus sonus and aridus fragor both refer to a a dry, grating, half-crackling sound, as in aridus altis Montibus incipit audiri fragor (a dry crackling noise begins to be heard in the high mountain forest)

InflectionEdit

First/second declension.

Number Singular Plural
Case \ Gender Masculine Feminine Neuter Masculine Feminine Neuter
nominative āridus ārida āridum āridī āridae ārida
genitive āridī āridae āridī āridōrum āridārum āridōrum
dative āridō āridae āridō āridīs āridīs āridīs
accusative āridum āridam āridum āridōs āridās ārida
ablative āridō āridā āridō āridīs āridīs āridīs
vocative āride ārida āridum āridī āridae ārida

DescendantsEdit

Last modified on 1 February 2014, at 14:15