Last modified on 22 August 2014, at 19:40
See also: Axis

EnglishEdit

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Wikipedia

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Latin axis (axis", "axle).

NounEdit

axis (plural axes)

  1. (geometry) An imaginary line around which an object spins (an axis of rotation) or is symmetrically arranged (an axis of symmetry).
    • 2012 March 1, Henry Petroski, “Opening Doors”, American Scientist, volume 100, number 2, page 112-3: 
      A doorknob of whatever roundish shape is effectively a continuum of levers, with the axis of the latching mechanism—known as the spindle—being the fulcrum about which the turning takes place.
    The Earth rotates once a day on its axis.
  2. (mathematics) A fixed one-dimensional figure, such as a line or arc, with an origin and orientation and such that its points are in one-to-one correspondence with a set of numbers; an axis forms part of the basis of a space or is used to position and locate data in a graph (a coordinate axis).
  3. (anatomy) The second cervical vertebra of the spine.
  4. (psychiatry) A form of classification and descriptions of mental disorders or disabilities used in manuals such as the DSM (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders)
SynonymsEdit
Coordinate termsEdit
  • (cervical vertebra): atlas
Derived termsEdit
Related termsEdit
TranslationsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From Latin, name of an Indian animal mentioned by the Roman senator Pliny.

NounEdit

axis (plural axises)

  1. Axis axis, a deer native to Asia.
SynonymsEdit
See alsoEdit

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂eḱs- (axis); see also Lithuanian aszis (axle), Sanskrit अक्ष (akṣa, axle, axis, balance beam), Ancient Greek ἄξων (áksōn, axle), Old High German ahsa (axle), and Old English eax.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

axis m (genitive axis); third declension

  1. An axletree, wagon, car, chariot.
  2. The North Pole.
  3. The heavens or a region or clime of these.
  4. A board, plank.

InflectionEdit

Third declension i-stem.

Number Singular Plural
nominative axis axēs
genitive axis axium
dative axī axibus
accusative axem axēs
axīs
ablative axe axibus
vocative axis axēs

ReferencesEdit

  • Langenscheidt Pocket Latin Dictionary