From Proto-Balto-Slavic *bardā (with lengthening: *-àr- > -ā̀r-), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰardʰeh₂ (“beard”), from the stem *bʰar- (“projecting forward; tip, point; bristle, awn”), which is perhaps a form of *bʰer- (“to cut, to grate, to split, to hit”). Cognates include Lithuanian barzdà (< *barzdā-, a parallel form of *bardā-, with an extra z perhaps because of d:zd phonetic variation), Old Prussian bordus, Proto-Slavic *borda (Old Church Slavonic брада (brada), Russian борода (borodá), Czech brada (“beard, chin”), Polish broda (“beard, chin”)), Proto-Germanic *barda- (Old High German bart, German Bart, Old English, English beard), Latin barba (< *farba).
bārda f (4th declension)
- (anatomy) beard (hair that grows on men's cheeks and chins)
- vaigu bārda — sideburns (lit. cheek beard)
- sirma bārda — gray beard
- kupla bārda — bushy beard
- skūt bārdu — to shave a beard
- audzēt bārdu — to grow (lit. raise) a beard
- biezi, melni bārdas rugāji noseguši zodu un vaigus — thick, black beard stubbles covered (his) chin and cheeks
- (of animals) beard (hair, hair-like formation on the lower jaw)
- āža, kazas bārda — goat beard
- bārdas zivs — beard(ed) fish
- ^ “bārda” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.
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