Last modified on 23 March 2014, at 04:27

bagāts

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

A pre-13th-century borrowing from Old East Slavic богатыи (bogatyi) (cf. Russian богатый (bogátyj, rich)) or from Belarusian багаты (baháty, rich), both from the same stem as Old Church Slavonic богъ (bogŭ, happiness; abundance, riches; god), whence also its opposite nabags (poor) (q.v.).[1] Compare Lithuanian bagótas (rich), also a Slavic borrowing.

PronunciationEdit

(file)

AdjectiveEdit

bagāts (def. bagātais, comp. bagātāks, sup. visbagātākais; adv. bagāti)

  1. rich, wealthy (having a lot of money; having many valuable possessions)
    bagāts cilvēksrich person
    bagāta valstsrich country
    bagāts saimnieks, fabrikantsrich landowner, industrialist
  2. rich, expensive, luxurious (made with very valuable material, components; containing something valuable)
    bagāts pusdienu galdsrich dinner table
    bagāts pūrsrich dowry
    bagāts namsrich house (where rich people live)
  3. rich (having a large amount of something; having many valuable parts)
    zivīm bagāta upe — a river rich in fish
    ar mežiem bagāts apvidus — an area rich in forests
    Čiaturas mangāna atradnes ir vienas no bagātākajām pasaulē — the Čiatura manganese deposits are one of the richest in the world
  4. rich (large in number or size)
    bagāts loms — a rich catch
    bagāta raža — a rich harvest
  5. (of time periods) rich, productive, generous
    bagāts gads, rudens — a rich year, autumn
    bagāts mūžs — a rich life
    tās bija siltas, saulainas un augļu bagātas dienas — those were warm, sunny and fruit-rich days
  6. rich, varied (in form, in nuances, in elements)
    bagāta valoda — a rich language
    bagāta dzejarich poetry
    bagāta fantāzijarich fantasy
    mākslinieks ar bagātu iztēli — artist with a rich imagination
    bagāta grāmatu kolekcijarich collection of books
    bagāta augu valstsrich plant kingdom (= vegetation)
    bagāta faunarich fauna
  7. rich (having excellent skills, knowledge, qualities, potential, contributions)
    pieredzes bagāts biškopis — a beekeeper rich in experience
    nopelniem bagāts zinātnieks — a scientist, scholar rich in merits
    palīdzot bērniem apgūt zināšanas, mēs dažreiz arī paši kļūstam bagātāki — helping children obtain knowledge, we sometimes also become richer
  8. (of the mind, the psyche, the spirit) rich, sensitive, deep
    bagāta dvēsele — a rich soul

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “bagāts” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7