Last modified on 28 July 2014, at 06:41

bastard

See also: Bastard

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • (UK) IPA(key): /ˈbɑːstəd/, /ˈbastəd/, /ˈbæstəd/
  • (US) IPA(key): /ˈbæstəɹd/
  • (file)

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English bastard, bastarde, from Late Old English bastard (bastard), from Anglo-Norman bastard (illegitimate child), from Old Low Frankish *bāst (marriage) (compare Middle Dutch bast (lust, heat)) and derogatory suffix -ard, from Proto-Germanic *banstuz (bond, tie) (compare West Frisian boask, boaste (marriage)), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰendʰ- (to tie, bind); or equivalent to bast +‎ -ard. Cognate with West Frisian bastert (bastard), Dutch bastaard (bastard), German Bastard (bastard), Icelandic bastarður (bastard). Probably originally referred to a child from a polygynous marriage of Germanic custom but not sanctioned by the Church.

NounEdit

bastard (plural bastards)

  1. A person who was born out of wedlock, and hence often considered an illegitimate descendant.
  2. A mongrel. A biological cross between different breeds, groups or varieties.
  3. (vulgar, referring to a man) A contemptible, inconsiderate, overly or arrogantly rude or spiteful person. See asshole, sod.
    Some bastard stole my car while I was helping an injured person.
    1997, South Park television program
    "Oh my God, they killed Kenny! "You bastards!"
    I'll tell you one thing, you prick bastard, you know what I really hope for, pray for, and wish for?
    This makes them realize they're human and maybe makes them less likely to be insensitive to the people they have to come in contact with because if they act too much like bastards, sooner or later someone is going to pop them one.
    Jesus you are a cold bastard, you know that?
  4. (often humorous) A man, a fellow, a male friend.
    lucky bastard, poor bastard
    Get over here, you old bastard!
  5. (often preceded by 'poor') A person deserving of pity.
    Poor bastard, I feel so sorry for him.
  6. (informal) A child who does not know his or her father.
  7. (informal) Something extremely difficult or unpleasant to deal with.
    Life can be a real bastard.
  8. A variation that is not genuine; something irregular or inferior or of dubious origin, fake or counterfeit.
    The architecture was a kind of bastard, suggesting Gothic but not being true Gothic.
  9. An intermediate-grade file; also bastard file.
  10. A sweet wine.
    • William Shakespeare, Measure for Measure:
      We shall have all the world drink brown and white bastard.
  11. A sword that is midway in length between a short-sword and a long sword; also bastard sword.
    These poor bastards started out life probably in bad or broken homes.
  12. An inferior quality of soft brown sugar, obtained from syrups that have been boiled several times.
  13. A large mould for straining sugar.
  14. A writing paper of a particular size.

Usage notesEdit

  • (one born to unmarried parents): Not always regarded as a (religious) stigma (in canon law prohibitive for clerical office without papal indult): Norman duke William, the Conqueror of England, is referred to in state documents as "William the Bastard"; a Burgundian prince was even officially styled Great Bastard of Burgundy.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

AdjectiveEdit

bastard (comparative more bastard, superlative most bastard)

  1. of or like a bastard (illegitimate human descendant)
  2. of or like a bastard (bad person)
  3. of or like a mongrel, bastardized creature/cross
  4. of abnormal, irregular or otherwise inferior qualities (size, shape etc.)
    a bastard musket; a bastard culverin
  5. spurious, lacking authenticity: counterfeit, fake
    • Barrow
      that bastard self-love which is so vicious in itself, and productive of so many vices
  6. (UK, vulgar) Very unpleasant.
    I've got a bastard headache.
  7. (printing) Abbreviated, as the half title in a page preceding the full title page of a book.

TranslationsEdit

InterjectionEdit

bastard!

  1. (rare, vulgar) Exclamation of strong dismay or strong sense of being upset.

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

VerbEdit

bastard (third-person singular simple present bastards, present participle bastarding, simple past and past participle bastarded)

  1. (obsolete) To bastardize.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Francis Bacon to this entry?)

ReferencesEdit

  • bastard” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, v1.0.1, Lexico Publishing Group, 2006.
  • mongrel” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, v1.0.1, Lexico Publishing Group, 2006.

AnagramsEdit

ReferencesEdit



DanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old French bastard.

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /bastard/, [b̥aˈsd̥ɑːˀd̥] or IPA(key): /bastar/, [b̥aˈsd̥ɑːˀ]

NounEdit

bastard c (singular definite bastarden, plural indefinite bastarder)

  1. crossbreed (an organism produced by mating of individuals of different varieties or breeds)
  2. mongrel (someone of mixed kind or uncertain origin, especially a dog)
  3. (dated) bastard (person who was born out of wedlock)

InflectionEdit

SynonymsEdit


Middle FrenchEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Old French bastard < Latin bastardus.

NounEdit

bastard m (plural bastars, feminine singular bastarde, feminine plural bastardes)

  1. bastard (child born outside of wedlock)

AdjectiveEdit

bastard m (feminine singular bastarde, masculine plural bastars, feminine plural bastardes)

  1. bastard

DescendantsEdit


Old FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Late Latin bastardus, of Germanic origin, possibly Frankish.

NounEdit

bastard m (oblique plural bastards, nominative singular bastards, nominative plural bastard)

  1. bastard (person conceived to unmarried parents)
    • 12th Century, Unknown, Raoul de Cambrai:
      Vos savez bien qe je sui de bas lin, [e]t sui bastars
      You know well that I am of low birth, and I am a bastard
  2. (pejorative, usually vocative) bastard (insult)

AdjectiveEdit

bastard m

  1. bastard (conceived by unmarried parents)

DeclensionEdit

DescendantsEdit