biedrs

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

A nominalized version of an earlier adjective biedrs “bound, linked”, from Proto-Baltic *bend- with an extra (adjectivizing) -ro (cf. stipt “to become rigid, to harden” : stiprs “strong”), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰendʰ- (to join, to bind, to tie), whence also Gothic 𐌱𐌹𐌽𐌳𐌰𐌽 (bindan), Old High German bintan, German binden, English bind. Cognates include Lithuanian beñdras (comrade, participant; (adj.) common, shared).[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

biedrs m (1st declension, feminine form: biedre or biedrene)

  1. (male) colleague, mate, comrade (a person with whom one works, studies, together, e.g. as part of a group or team)
    darba biedrs — workmate
    cīņu biedrscomrade-in-arms (lit. fight, struggle mate)
    klases biedrs, skolas biedrs — classmate, schoolmate
  2. (male) companion, mate, fellow (a person with whom one spends time, travels, plays, lives)
    istabas biedrs — roommate
    ceļa biedrs, ceļabiedrsfellow traveller
    sarunu biedrs — interlocutor (lit. conversation mate)
    dzīves biedrs, dzīvesbiedrs — husband, spouse (lit. life mate)
    laika biedrs, laikabiedrs — contemporary (lit. time mate)
    satikt bērnu dienu rotaļu biedru — to meet a childhood playmate
    Ceplis uzmeta zīmīgu skatienu pārējiem galda biedriem — Ceplis cast a significant look at (his) other table mates
  3. (of organizations) (male) member, fellow
    (komunistiskās) partijas biedrs — (communist) party member
    arodbiedrības biedri — union members
    biedra kartemember(ship) card
    uzņemt jaunus biedrus organizācijā — to receive new members into the organization
    maksāt biedru naudu — to pay a membership fee
    goda biedrs, godabiedrs — honorary member
  4. (dated, during Soviet occupation) (male) comrade (generic form of address to people with whom the speaker is not personally acquainted)
    godājamie biedri! — honorable comrades!
    sanāksmē piedalījās biedrs Alksniscomrade Alksnis participated in the meeting
    biedrs profesors izteica interesantu priekšlikumucomrade professor made an interesting proposal

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “biedrs” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.
Last modified on 27 March 2014, at 02:16