- enPR: bû(r)th
Audio (US) (file)
- Rhymes: -ɜː(ɹ)θ
- Homophone: berth
From Middle English birthe (1250), from earlier burthe, burde, from Old Norse burðr, byrd (Old Swedish byrth, Swedish börd), replacing Old English gebyrd (rare variant byrþ). The Old Norse is from Proto-Germanic *burdiz (compare Old Frisian berde, berd); Old English gebyrd is from prefixed *gaburdiz (compare Dutch geboorte, German Geburt), from Proto-Indo-European *bʰr̥tis (compare Latin fors ‘luck’, Old Irish brith), from *bʰer- ‘to carry, bear’. More at bear.
- (uncountable) The process of childbearing.
- (countable) An instance of childbirth.
- (countable) A beginning or start; a point of origin.
- (uncountable) The circumstances of one's background, ancestry, or upbringing.
- He was of noble birth, but fortune had not favored him.
- The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.
- ^ Robert K. Barnhart, ed., Chambers Dictionary of Etymology (1988; reprint, Edinburgh: Chambers, 2008), 95.
- ^ Richard Cleasby and Gudbrand Vigfusson's 1874 Icelandic-English dictionary.
- ^ Joseph Bosworth and T. Northcote Toller's 1898 Anglo-Saxon dictionary.
birth (not comparable)
- A familial relationship established by childbirth.
- Her birth father left when she was a baby; she was raised by her mother and stepfather.
- (dated or regional) To bear or give birth to (a child).
- (figuratively) To produce, give rise to.
- The phrase give birth (to) is much more common, especially in literal use.
Probably from Proto-Indo-European *mer 'to plait, bind; rope. The meaning of 'son, little boy' is a -th lengthening of bir 'son'.
birth m (indefinite plural birthe, definite singular birthi, definite plural birthat)
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