castrum

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *kes- (to cut, cut off, separate) (Watkins, 1969). An older etymology (1899) derived castrum from Latin casa, and proposed an ultimate etymon from a Sanskrit root (sic) *skad-, "to cover".

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

castrum n (genitive castrī); second declension

  1. castle, fort
  2. camp, especially a military camp

InflectionEdit

Second declension neuter.

Number Singular Plural
nominative castrum castra
genitive castrī castrōrum
dative castrō castrīs
accusative castrum castra
ablative castrō castrīs
vocative castrum castra

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • castrum in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
Last modified on 17 April 2014, at 12:21