caurs

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *kyaur-, from Proto-Indo-European *kew- (to cut, to separate, to scrape, to dig) with an extra -r. The sense evolution was probably “to cut, to dig” → “to prickle.” Cognates include Lithuanian kiáuras.[1]

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

caurs (definite caurais, comparative caurāks, superlative viscaurākais, adverb cauri)

  1. having a hole or holes
    caurs spainis, jumtsleaky bucket, roof
    caura kaste — box with a hole on it
    cauras zeķes, kurpes — socks, shoes with holes on them
    koks ar cauru vidu — tree with a hole in the middle
  2. having been damaged
    caura būdadamaged hut
    pirts bija tik veca un caura — the bath(house) was so old and damaged
    caurs zobsdamaged tooth
  3. all (the time), without interruptions, throughout
    ceļot visu cauru gadu — to travel the whole year, all through, throughout the year
    strādāt caurām dienām — to work all day

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “caurs” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.
Last modified on 27 March 2014, at 04:04