Last modified on 22 May 2015, at 00:31

chagrin

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From French chagrin (sorrow), of uncertain origin.

A prevalent theory in many dictionaries is that it came from a metaphorical use of Old French chagrin (a type of roughened leather),[1] with the connection of roughness.

Another theory, due to Gamillscheg, is that it derives from Old French graigne (sadness, resentment, grief), from graim (sorrowful), perhaps related to Old High German gram (angry, fierce).[2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

chagrin (countable and uncountable, plural chagrins)

  1. Distress of mind caused by a failure of aims or plans, want of appreciation, mistakes etc; vexation or mortification.
    • 1876, Louisa May Alcott, Rose In Bloom, ch. 8:
      [H]e alone knew how deep was the deluded man's chagrin at the failure of the little plot which he fancied was prospering finely.
    • 1905, Baroness Emmuska Orczy, chapter 1, The Tragedy in Dartmoor Terrace[1]:
      “Mrs. Yule's chagrin and horror at what she called her son's base ingratitude knew no bounds ; at first it was even thought that she would never get over it. […]”
  2. A type of leather or skin with a rough surface.[3]

Usage notesEdit

  • Often used in the form to one’s chagrin.

SynonymsEdit

DescendantsEdit

TranslationsEdit

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See alsoEdit

VerbEdit

chagrin (third-person singular simple present chagrins, present participle chagrining, simple past and past participle chagrined)

  1. (transitive) To bother or vex; to mortify.
    She was chagrined to note that the paint had dried into a blotchy mess.
  2. (intransitive) To be vexed or annoyed.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Fielding to this entry?)

Usage notesEdit

  • The verb form is rarely found in other than passive voice.

TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ http://triggs.djvu.org/century-dictionary.com/cent2jpgframes.php?volno=02&page=0909
  2. ^ http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/chagrin?s=t
  3. ^ “chagrin” in OED Online, Oxford University Press, 1989.

AnagramsEdit


FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From chagriner, perhaps from Frankish gram, akin to German Gram[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

chagrin m (plural chagrins)

  1. sorrow, grief, chagrin

AdjectiveEdit

chagrin m (feminine chagrine, masculine plural chagrins, feminine plural chagrines)

  1. (literary) despondent, woeful
  2. (literary) disgruntled, morose

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ chagrin” in Douglas Harper, Online Etymology Dictionary (2001).

External linksEdit