ciems

LatvianEdit

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 Ciems on Latvian Wikipedia

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Ciems (Dzelzāmurs, Latvijā)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *ḱeym- (village, home) (whence also saime (family, household), q.v.), from *ḱey-, *ḱoy- (to be located; camp; abode); the original meaning of ciems was thus “camp, encampment.” A parallel form *kaims (> kaimiņš (neighbor), q.v.) also existed. Since Proto-Indo-European *ḱ should yield Latvian > s, not c, it has been suggested that ciems and all its Baltic cognates descend from Proto-Indo-European *kʷeyə- (piece, quiet), or result from a borrowing, from Proto-Germanic *haimaz (village); but there are rather many Baltic and Slavic words with irregular reflexes of *ḱ, which suggest dialectal differences or parallel forms (*ḱey-/*key-) already in Proto-Indo-European. Cognates include Lithuanian kiẽmas (yard, rural house, village), kaímas (village), Old Prussian caymis ([kaimis], village), Sudovian aucima (village), Proto-Germanic *haimaz (house, village) (Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌹𐌼𐍃 (haims, village), Old High German heim (dwelling, house), German Heim, English home), Ancient Greek κώμη (kṓmē, village) (cf. κεῖμαι (keîmai, to lie down))[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ciems m (1st declension)

  1. village, settlement (small group of houses that forms a territorial unit)
    liels, mazs ciems — big, small village
    ciems jūras krastā — a village on the seashore
  2. the inhabitants of a village
    viss ciems saskrēja skatīties — the whole vilage came running to watch
  3. the area surrounding a village, organized as an administrative unit
    ciema padomevillage council
    ciema teritorijavillage territory
    rajona pilsētas un ciemi — the towns/cities and villages of the district

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “ciems” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.
Last modified on 27 March 2014, at 04:31