Last modified on 29 August 2014, at 19:13

clutch

EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English clucchen, clicchen, cluchen, clechen, cleken, from Old English clyccan (to clutch, clench), from Proto-Germanic *klukjaną, from Proto-Germanic *klu- (to ball up, conglomerate, amass), from Proto-Indo-European *glew- (to ball up; lump, mass). Cognate with Swedish klyka (clamp, fork, branch). The noun is from Middle English cleche, cloche, cloke ("claw, talon, hand"; compare Scots cleuk, cluke, cluik (claw, talon)), of uncertain origin, with the form probably assimilated to the verb.

Alternative etymology derives Old English clyccan from Proto-Germanic *klēk- (claw, hand), from Proto-Indo-European *glēk-, *ǵlēḱ- (claw, hand; to clutch, snatch). If so, then cognate with Irish glac (hand).

Alternative formsEdit

VerbEdit

clutch (third-person singular simple present clutches, present participle clutching, simple past and past participle clutched)

  1. To seize, as though with claws. [from 14th c.]
    to clutch power
    • Collier
      A man may set the poles together in his head, and clutch the whole globe at one intellectual grasp.
    • Shakespeare
      Is this a dagger which I see before me [] ? / Come, let me clutch thee.
  2. To grip or grasp tightly. [from 17th c.]
    She clutched her purse tightly and walked nervously into the building.
    • Shakespeare
      Not that I have the power to clutch my hand.
TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

clutch (plural clutches)

A vintage clutch with a fold-over closure, made of red snakeskin.
  1. The claw of a predatory animal or bird. [from 13th c.]
  2. (by extension) A grip, especially one seen as rapacious or evil. [from 16th c.]
    • Cowper
      the clutch of poverty
    • Carlyle
      an expiring clutch at popularity
    • Bishop Stillingfleet
      I must have [] little care of myself, if I ever more come near the clutches of such a giant.
    • 1919, W. Somerset Maugham, The Moon and Sixpence, chapter 57
      You scold yourself; you know it is only your nerves—and yet, and yet... In a little while it is impossible to resist the terror that seizes you, and you are helpless in the clutch of an unseen horror.
  3. A device to interrupt power transmission, commonly used between engine and gearbox in a car. [from 19th c.]
  4. The pedal in a car that disengages power transmission.
  5. Any device for gripping an object, as at the end of a chain or tackle.
  6. A small handbag or purse with no straps or handle.
    • 1898, J. Meade Falkner, Moonfleet Chapter 4
      The clutch which I had made to save myself in falling had torn away this chin-band and let the lower jaw drop on the breast; but little else was disturbed, and there was Colonel John Mohune resting as he had been laid out a century ago.
  7. (US) An important or critical situation.
    • 1951 October 8, LIFE, page 48: 
      And when it came to the clutch, Johnny Mize, who was washed up five years ago, would crack out a pinch double, or Mickey Mantle, who is not yet ready for the big leagues, would slam out a home run
    • 2004, Jonathan Beaty, S. C. Gwynne, The Outlaw Bank: A Wild Ride Into the Secret Heart of BCCI, page x:
      Adam Zagorin, Time's Brussels bureau chief, came through in the clutch several times with information and interviews we could not have gotten on our own.
    • 2009, Michael Baron, When You Went Away, page 303:
      I knew right at that moment (though I certainly believed it before) that you were the kind of person who others could count on, a great foul-weather friend, someone who came through in the clutch.
    • 2010 January 23, Pat Disabato, “Hillcrest kicks its late hiccups; Lead erodes until Tillman^s key 3; Waukegan, Richards, Julian win”, The Chicago Sun-Times, page 40:
      "I knew I had to take over," Loyd said. "When it comes to the clutch, I don't mean to be selfish, but I'm going to take it.
    • 2010, Paul Sullivan, Clutch: Why Some People Excel Under Pressure and Others Don't:
      But that does not mean he will be clutch. Being great under pressure is hard work. This is part of the reason why we are so impressed by people who seem immune to choking. These people come through in the clutch when others don't.
SynonymsEdit
TranslationsEdit

AdjectiveEdit

clutch (comparative more clutch, superlative most clutch)

  1. (US) Performing or tending to perform well in difficult, high-pressure situations.
    • 2006, Bryan Hogan, Three Days for Goodbye, page 19:
      NC State made the most of their overtime possession scoring a touchdown on some very clutch plays.
    • 2009, Scott Trocchia, The 2006 Yankees: The Frustration of a Nation, A Fan's Perspective, page 21:
      I start with his most obvious characteristic: he was clutch. He is Mr. Clutch. In the last chapter I mentioned that Bernie Williams was clutch, which was a valid assessment, but nobody on the Yankees was as clutch as Jeter was.
    • 2009, Mark Stewart, Clutch Performers, page 34:
      It doesn't get more clutch than that!

Etymology 2Edit

Variant form of cletch, from Middle English cleken (to hatch), perhaps from Old Norse klekja (to hatch).

NounEdit

clutch (plural clutches)

  1. A brood of chickens or a sitting of eggs. [from 18th c.]
  2. A group or bunch (of people or things). [from 20th c.]
    • 2012, The Economist, 22nd Sep., Innovation in Government: Britain's Local Labs
      No longer would Britons routinely blame the national government when things went wrong. Instead they would demand action from a new clutch of elected mayors, police commissioners and the like.
TranslationsEdit

NorwegianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From English clutch.

NounEdit

clutch m

  1. clutch (device between engine and gearbox)

InflectionEdit

SynonymsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • “clutch” in The Bokmål Dictionary / The Nynorsk Dictionary.

SpanishEdit

NounEdit

clutch m (plural clutches)

  1. Alternative form of cloche.