collar

EnglishEdit

Henry III wearing a high collar

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English coler, from Old French coler (Modern French collier), from Latin collare, from collum (neck). Cognate with Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌻𐍃 (hals, neck), Old English heals (neck). More at halse.

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

collar (plural collars)

  1. The part of an upper garment (shirt, jacket, etc.) that fits around the neck and throat, especially if sewn from a separate piece of fabric.
    • 1918, W. B. Maxwell, chapter 5, The Mirror and the Lamp:
      Here, in the transept and choir, where the service was being held, one was conscious every moment of an increasing brightness; colours glowing vividly beneath the circular chandeliers, and the rows of small lights on the choristers' desks flashed and sparkled in front of the boys' faces, deep linen collars, and red neckbands.
  2. A decorative band or other fabric around the neckline.
  3. A chain worn around the neck.
  4. A similar detachable item.
  5. Anything that encircles the neck.
  6. A band or chain around an animal's neck, used to restrain and/or identify it.
    Make sure your dog has a collar holding an identification tag.
  7. A part of harness designed to distribute the load around the shoulders of a draft animal.
  8. (technology) Any encircling device or structure.
    A nylon collar kept the bolt from damaging the surface underneath.
  9. (in compounds) Of or pertaining to a certain category of professions as symbolized by typical clothing.
  10. (rail transport) A physical lockout device to prevent operation of a mechanical signal lever.
  11. (architecture) A ring or cincture.
  12. (architecture) A collar beam.
  13. (botany) The neck or line of junction between the root of a plant and its stem.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Gray to this entry?)
  14. A ringlike part of a mollusk in connection with the esophagus.
  15. A coloured ring round the neck of a bird or mammal.
  16. (nautical) An eye formed in the bight or bend of a shroud or stay to go over the masthead; also, a rope to which certain parts of rigging, as dead-eyes, are secured.
  17. (mining) A curb, or a horizontal timbering, around the mouth of a shaft.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Raymond to this entry?)

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

VerbEdit

collar (third-person singular simple present collars, present participle collaring, simple past and past participle collared)

  1. (transitive) To grab or seize by the collar or neck.
  2. (transitive) To place a collar on, to fit with one.
    Collar and leash aggressive dogs.
  3. (transitive) To seize, capture or detain.
  4. (transitive) To preempt, control stringently and exclusively.
  5. (law enforcement, transitive) To arrest.
  6. (figuratively, transitive) To bind in conversation.
    I managed to collar Fred in the office for an hour.
  7. (transitive) To roll up (beef or other meat) and bind it with string preparatory to cooking.
  8. (BDSM) To bind a submissive to a dominant under specific conditions or obligations.

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

AsturianEdit

NounEdit

collar m (plural collares)

  1. necklace (jewelry)

CatalanEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Late Latin collāre (an unattached item worn about the neck), from Latin collāris.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Eastern Catalan) IPA(key): [kuʎá]
  • (Western Catalan, Mallorca) IPA(key): [koʎá]

NounEdit

collar m (plural collars)

  1. A collar. (a chain or belt placed around the neck of an animal)
  2. A collar. (a solid circle of metal placed around the neck of a slave or prisoner)
  3. A collar. (any ornament placed at the neck)
  4. (historical) A collar. (a gold chain worn about the neck as a badge of belonging to certain chivalric orders)
  5. A necklace.
  6. (historical, military) An aventail.
  7. A collar. (a ring or loop used to support and protect a rotating shaft)
  8. A collar. (a ring or loop used to join together two parts of a shaft or pole)
  9. (entomology) A collar. (lobed membranous expansion of the prothorax of some insects)
  10. (zoology) A collar. (a band of feathers, fur, or scales about the neck of an animal that is of a contrasting color to what is near it)
SynonymsEdit

Etymology 2Edit

From the action of securing a yoke around the coll (neck) of an animal.

PronunciationEdit

  • (Eastern Catalan) IPA(key): [kuʎá]
  • (Western Catalan, Mallorca) IPA(key): [koʎá]

VerbEdit

collar (first-person singular present collo, past participle collat)

  1. To join together objects through the use of nuts or bolts.
  2. To collar a person or animal.
  3. To establish control of a person or animal.
  4. To twist. (to pressure someone to do something)
  5. To screw. (to tighten a screw)
  6. (textiles) To adjust a collador (heddle).
ConjugationEdit
SynonymsEdit
  • (to collar an animal): enjovar, junyir
  • (to establish control): sotmetre, subjectar

SpanishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Late Latin collāre (an unattached item worn about the neck), from Latin collāris.

NounEdit

collar m (plural collares)

  1. A necklace
  2. An animal's collar, band or chain around its neck

Related termsEdit

Last modified on 27 March 2014, at 04:45