Last modified on 18 October 2014, at 13:45

color

EnglishEdit

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Wikipedia

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Middle English colo(u)r, from Anglo-Norman colur, from Old French colour, color, from Latin color, from Old Latin colos "covering", from Proto-Indo-European *kel- (to cover, conceal). Akin to Latin cēlō (I hide, conceal). Displaced Middle English blee (color), from Old English blēo. More at blee.

In the US, the spelling color is used to match the spelling of the word's Latin etymon, and to make all derivatives consistent (colorimeter, colorize, colorless, etc). Elsewhere in the English-speaking world, the spelling colour has been retained.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

color (countable and uncountable, plural colors) (American)

  1. (uncountable) The spectral composition of visible light
    Humans and birds can perceive color.
  2. (countable) A particular set of visible spectral compositions, perceived or named as a class.
    Most languages have names for the colors black, white, red, and green.
  3. (uncountable) Hue as opposed to achromatic colors (black, white and grays).
    He referred to the white flag as one "drained of all color".
  4. (uncountable) Human skin tone, especially as an indicator of race or ethnicity.
    Color has been a sensitive issue in many societies.
  5. (figuratively) Interest, especially in a selective area.
    a bit of local color
  6. (heraldry) Any of the standard dark tinctures used in a coat of arms, including azure, gules, sable, and vert. Contrast with metal.
  7. (in the plural) A standard or banner.
    The loss of their colors destroyed the regiment's morale.
  8. The system of color television.
    This film is broadcast in color.
  9. (in the plural) An award for sporting achievement, particularly within a school or university.
    He was awarded colors for his football.
  10. In corporate finance, details on sales, profit margins, or other financial figures, especially while reviewing quarterly results when an officer of a company is speaking to investment analysts.
    Could you give me some color with regards to which products made up the mix of revenue for this quarter?
  11. (physics) A property of quarks, with three values called red, green, and blue, which they can exchange by passing gluons.
  12. (typography) The relative lightness or darkness of a mass of written or printed text on a page.
  13. (snooker) Any of the colored balls excluding the reds.
  14. A front or facade: an ostensible truth actually false.
  15. An appearance of right or authority.
    Under color of law, he managed to bilk taxpayers of millions of dollars.
  16. (medicine) Skin color noted as: normal, jaundice, cyanotic, flush, mottled, pale, or ashen as part of the skin signs assessment.

Usage notesEdit

The late Anglo-Norman colour, which is the standard UK spelling, has been the usual spelling in Britain since the 14th century and was chosen by Dr. Johnson's Dictionary of the English Language (1755) along with other Anglo-Norman spellings such as favour, honour, etc. The Latin spelling color was occasionally used from the 15th century onward, mainly due to Latin influence; it was lemmatized by Webster's American Dictionary of the English Language (1828), along with favor, honor, etc., and is currently the standard US spelling.

In Canada, colour is preferred, but color is not unknown; in Australia, -our endings are the standard, although -or endings had some currency in the past and are still sporadically found in some regions.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

AdjectiveEdit

color (not comparable) (US)

  1. Conveying color, as opposed to shades of gray.
    Color television and movies were considered a great improvement over black and white.

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

color (third-person singular simple present colors, present participle coloring, simple past and past participle colored) (US)

  1. To give something color.
    We could color the walls red.
  2. (intransitive) To apply colors to the areas within the boundaries of a line drawing using colored markers or crayons.
    My kindergartener loves to color.
  3. (of a face) To become red through increased blood flow.
    Her face colored as she realized her mistake.
  4. To affect without completely changing.
    That interpretation certainly colors my perception of the book.
  5. (informal) To attribute a quality to.
    Color me confused.
  6. (mathematics) To assign colors to the vertices of (a graph) or the regions of (a map) so that no two adjacent ones have the same color.
    Can this graph be two-colored?
    You can color any map with four colors.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See alsoEdit

External linksEdit


AsturianEdit

NounEdit

color m (plural colores)

  1. color, colour

CatalanEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Latin color.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

color m (plural colors)

  1. color, colour

See alsoEdit


ItalianEdit

NounEdit

color m (invariable)

  1. apocopic form of colore

AnagramsEdit


LatinEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

color m (genitive colōris); third declension

  1. color, (UK) colour; shade
  2. pigment
  3. complexion
  4. outward appearance

InflectionEdit

Third declension.

Number Singular Plural
nominative color colōrēs
genitive colōris colōrum
dative colōrī colōribus
accusative colōrem colōrēs
ablative colōre colōribus
vocative color colōrēs

Derived termsEdit

DescendantsEdit


OccitanEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

Latin color.

NounEdit

color f (plural colors)

  1. color

Old FrenchEdit

EtymologyEdit

Latin color

NounEdit

color f (oblique plural colors, nominative singular color, nominative plural colors)

  1. color, colour

DescendantsEdit


Old PortugueseEdit

NounEdit

color f

  1. Alternative form of coor.

DescendantsEdit


Old ProvençalEdit

EtymologyEdit

Latin color

NounEdit

color f (oblique plural colors, nominative singular color, nominative plural colors)

  1. color, colour

DescendantsEdit


SpanishEdit

Spanish Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia es

EtymologyEdit

From Latin colōre, singular ablative of color.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

color m (plural colores)

  1. color, colour, hue
  2. rouge (cosmetics)
  3. pretext, motive, reason
  4. character
  5. side, party, faction
  6. race, ethnicity
  7. (poker) flush

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

AnagramsEdit