Last modified on 22 August 2014, at 19:05

comma

EnglishEdit

a comma butterfly

EtymologyEdit

From Latin comma, from Ancient Greek κόμμα (kómma), from κόπτω (kóptō, I cut)

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

comma (plural commas or commata)

  1. Punctuation mark (,) (usually indicating a pause between parts of a sentence or between elements in a list).
  2. (by extension) A diacritical mark used below certain letters in Romanian.
  3. A European and North American butterfly, Polygonia c-album, of the family Nymphalidae.
  4. (music) a difference in the calculation of nearly identical intervals by different ways.
  5. (genetics) A delimiting marker between items in a genetic sequence.

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

Punctuation

External linksEdit


ItalianEdit

NounEdit

comma m (plural commi)

  1. (law) subsection
  2. (music) comma

LatinEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the Ancient Greek κόμμα (kómma), from κόπτω (kóptō, I cut).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

comma n (genitive commatis); third declension

  1. (in grammar):
    1. a comma (a division, member, or section of a period smaller than a colon)
    2. a comma (a mark of punctuation)
  2. (in verse) a caesura

DeclensionEdit

Third declension neuter.

Number Singular Plural
nominative comma commata
genitive commatis commatum
dative commatī commatibus
accusative comma commata
ablative commate commatibus
vocative comma commata

Usage notesEdit

  • In the works of Cicero and Quintilian, the untransliterated Greek κόμμα (kómma) is used for comma in the grammatical sense of “a division…of a period smaller than a colon”.

SynonymsEdit

  • (comma: division of a period): incīsum (pure Latin)

ReferencesEdit

  • comma in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879
  • comma” on page 348/3 of Félix Gaffiot’s Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Hachette (1934)