Last modified on 24 August 2014, at 18:50

conjugate

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the participle stem of Latin coniugāre (to yoke together), from con- + iugāre.

PronunciationEdit

VerbEdit

conjugate (third-person singular simple present conjugates, present participle conjugating, simple past and past participle conjugated)

  1. (grammar, transitive) To inflect (a verb) for each person, in order, for one or more tenses.
    In English, the verb 'to be' is conjugated as follows: 'I am', 'you are', 'he/she/it is', 'we are', 'you are', 'they are'.
  2. (rare) To join together, unite; to juxtapose.
    • 2002, Colin Jones, The Great Nation, Penguin 2003, p. 55:
      The effects of hunger were often conjugated with epidemic disease.
  3. (biology) To reproduce sexually as do some bacteria and algae, by exchanging or transferring DNA.

HypernymsEdit

Related termsEdit

See alsoEdit

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

conjugate (plural conjugates)

  1. Any entity formed by joining two or more smaller entities together.
  2. (mathematics) (of a complex number) A complex conjugate.
  3. (mathematics) More generally, any of a set of irrational or complex numbers that are zeros of the same polynomial with integral coefficients.
  4. (mathematics) An explementary angle.
  5. (grammar) A word agreeing in derivation with another word, and therefore generally resembling it in meaning.
    • Archbishop Bramhall
      We have learned, in logic, that conjugates are sometimes in name only, and not in deed.

TranslationsEdit

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AdjectiveEdit

conjugate (not comparable)

  1. United in pairs; yoked together; coupled.
  2. (botany) In single pairs; coupled.
  3. (chemistry) Containing two or more radicals supposed to act the part of a single one.
  4. (grammar) Agreeing in derivation and radical signification; said of words.
  5. (mathematics) Presenting themselves simultaneously and having reciprocal properties; said of quantities, points, lines, axes, curves, etc.