From Proto-Germanic *kuningaz, perhaps from a suffixed form of Proto-Indo-European *genh₁- (“to procreate”), related to Latin genus, English kin. The original meaning may be ‘leader of people’ or ‘noble-born’. Cognate with Old Frisian kening (West Frisian kening), Old Saxon kuning, Dutch koning, Old High German kuning (German König), Old Norse konungr (Icelandic konungur; Swedish terms konung and kung, Danish and Norwegian konge). Early borrowing into Finnish and Estonian as kuningas.
- English: king