Last modified on 1 July 2014, at 11:22

dievs

LatvianEdit

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 Dievs on Latvian Wikipedia

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Dievs (1)
Seno grieķu dievi (2)

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic, Proto-Balto-Slavic *deiwas, from Proto-Indo-European *deywós, from the stem *dey-, *dī-, *di- (to shine brightly), with an extra (w)o-s. The original meaning was probably “light,” from which “sky” (via “bright one”, “shining one”) (a meaning still found in Balto-Finnic borrowings like Finnish taivas (sky), Estonian taevas (sky)), whence also “god” (compare Veps taivaz (sky), but taiwaliine (god) < “celestial”). Cognates include Lithuanian diẽvas, Old Prussian deiwas, deiws, deywis, Old Church Slavonic дивъ (divŭ), Russian dialectal див (div, wonder, miracle), Upper Sorbian dzíw, Polish dziw, Proto-Germanic *teiwaz, *tīwaz (god of war) (Old High German Zīo, Old English Tīw, Old Norse Týr), Sanskrit देवः (deváḥ), Avestan 𐬛𐬀𐬉𐬎𐬎𐬀 (daēva, demon, devil), Scythian sakdeos (deer demon) (< Proto-Iranian *sāka-daiva), Latin deus (< *deivos).[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

NounEdit

dievs m (1st declension, feminine form: dieviete or dieve)

  1. (theology, Christianity, often capitalized) god (supernatural being that created the world)
    lūgt dievu — to pray to god
    ticēt dievam — to believe in god
    dieva kalps — servant of god (i.e., a preacher)
    dieva tiesagod's judgment
    dievs (pa)sargi! pasargi dievs! lai dievs (pa)sarga!god forbid!
    mīļais dievs! mans dievs! — dear god! my god!
    reliģijai raksturīgs uzskats, ka pasauli radījis dievs — (it) is a characteristic belief of religion that god created the world
  2. (mythology) god (powerful supernatural being that demands worship)
    seno grieķu dievi — ancient Greek gods
    romiešu dievi — Roman gods
    pagāniskie dievi — pagan gods
    kara dievs — the god of war

DeclensionEdit

AntonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “dievs” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.