From Proto-Baltic, Proto-Balto-Slavic *deiwas, from Proto-Indo-European *deywós, from the stem *dey-, *dī-, *di- (“to shine brightly”), with an extra (w)o-s. The original meaning was probably “light,” from which “sky” (via “bright one”, “shining one”) (a meaning still found in Balto-Finnic borrowings like Finnish taivas (“sky”), Estonian taevas (“sky”)), whence also “god” (compare Veps taivaz (“sky”), but taiwaliine (“god”) < “celestial”). Cognates include Lithuanian diẽvas, Old Prussian deiwas, deiws, deywis, Old Church Slavonic дивъ (divŭ), Russian dialectal див (div, “wonder, miracle”), Upper Sorbian dzíw, Polish dziw, Proto-Germanic *teiwaz, *tīwaz (“god of war”) (Old High German Zīo, Old English Tīw, Old Norse Týr), Sanskrit देवः (devaḥ), Avestan 𐬛𐬀𐬉𐬎𐬎𐬀 (daēva, “demon, devil”), Scythian sakdeos (“deer demon”) (< Proto-Iranian *sāka-daiva), Latin deus (< *deivos).
- (theology, Christianity, often capitalized) god (supernatural being that created the world)
- lūgt dievu — to pray to god
- ticēt dievam — to believe in god
- dieva kalps — servant of god (i.e., a preacher)
- dieva tiesa — god's judgment
- dievs (pa)sargi! pasargi dievs! lai dievs (pa)sarga! — god forbid!
- mīļais dievs! mans dievs! — dear god! my god!
- reliģijai raksturīgs uzskats, ka pasauli radījis dievs — (it) is a characteristic belief of religion that god created the world
- (mythology) god (powerful supernatural being that demands worship)
- seno grieķu dievi — ancient Greek gods
- romiešu dievi — Roman gods
- pagāniskie dievi — pagan gods
- kara dievs — the god of war
- ^ “dievs” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.