- IPA: /dɪs/
- reversal or removal
- Used as an intensifier of words with negative valence.
When attached to a verbal root, prefixes often change the first vowel (whether initial or preceded by a consonant/consonant cluster) of that verb. These phonological changes took place in Latin and usually do not apply to words created (as in Modern Latin) from Latin components since Latin became a 'dead' language. Note: the combination of prefix and following vowel did not always yield the same change. (see examples below at con- + -a-) Also, these changes in vowels are not necessarily particular to being prefixed with dis- (i.e. other prefixes sometimes cause the same vowel change- see con-, ex-).
NOTE: Words using the prefix dis- do not necessarily use the prefixes given here when translated. See individual words for more accurate translations.
From Latin dis-, from Proto-Indo-European *dwis.
- shows separation, dissemination, e.g. semi (“sow”) > dissemi (“disseminate”) ; ŝiri (“tear”) > disŝiri (“tear to pieces”).
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- Alternative form of dios-.
|Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.
From Proto-Indo-European *dwis. Cognates include Ancient Greek δίς (dis) and Sanskrit द्वीह् (dvíḥ).
- asunder, apart, in two
- dīmittō — "dismiss, disband"
- discēdō — "part, separate"
- reversal, removal
- dissimulō — "disguise, conceal"
- utterly, exceedingly
- differtus — "stuffed full"
- dis- in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short, A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1879