EnglishEdit

PronunciationEdit

Etymology 1Edit

From Middle English drogge (medicine), from Middle French drogue (cure, pharmaceutical product), from Old French drogue, drocque (tincture, pharmaceutical product), from Middle Dutch or Middle Low German droge, as in droge vate (dry vats, dry barrels), mistaking droge for the contents, which were wontedly dried herbs, plants or wares. Droge comes from Middle Dutch drōghe (dry), from Old Dutch drōgi (dry), from Proto-Germanic *draugiz (dry, hard). Cognate with English dry, Dutch droog (dry), German trocken (dry).

NounEdit

drug (plural drugs)

  1. (pharmacology) A substance used to treat an illness, relieve a symptom, or modify a chemical process in the body for a specific purpose.
    Aspirin is a drug that reduces pain, acts against inflammation and lowers body temperature.
    The revenues from both brand-name drugs and generic drugs have increased.
    • Milton
      whence merchants bring their spicy drugs
  2. A psychoactive substance, especially one which is illegal and addictive, ingested for recreational use, such as cocaine.
    • 1971, Hunter S. Thompson, Fear and Loathing in Las Vegas, Harper Perennial 2005 edition, page 3:
      We were somewhere around Barstow on the edge of the desert when the drugs began to take hold.
    • March 1991, unknown student, "Antihero opinion", SPIN, page 70:
      You have a twelve-year-old kid being told from the time he's like five years old that all drugs are bad, they're going to screw you up, don't try them. Just say no. Then they try pot.
    • 2005, Thomas Brent Andrews, The Pot Plan: Louie B. Stumblin and the War on Drugs, Chronic Discontent Books, ISBN 0976705605, page 19:
      The only thing working against the poor Drug Abuse Resistance Officer is high-school students. ... He'd offer his simple lesson: Drugs are bad, people who use drugs are bad, and abstinence is the only answer.
  3. Anything, such as a substance, emotion, or action, to which one is addicted.
    • 2005, Jack Haas, Om, Baby! : a Pilgrimage to the Eternal Self, page 8:
      Inspiration is my drug. Such things as spirituality, booze, travel, psychedelics, contemplation, music, dance, laughter, wilderness, and ribaldry — these have simply been the different forms of the drug of inspiration for which I have had great need []
    • 2009, Niki Flynn, Dances with Werewolves, page 8:
      Fear was my drug of choice. I thrived on scary movies, ghost stories and rollercoasters. I dreamed of playing the last girl left alive in a slasher film — the one who screams herself hoarse as she discovers her friends' bodies one by one.
    • 2010, Kesha Rose Sebert (Ke$ha), with Pebe Sebert and Joshua Coleman (Ammo), Your Love Is My Drug
    • 2011, Joslyn Shy, Introducing the Truth, page 5:
      The truth is...eating is my drug. When I am upset, I eat...when I am sad, I eat...when I am happy, I eat.
  4. Any commodity that lies on hand, or is not salable; an article of slow sale, or in no demand.
    • Fielding
      But sermons are mere drugs.
    • Dryden
      And virtue shall a drug become.
Usage notesEdit
  • Adjectives often used with "drug": dangerous, illicit, illegal, psychoactive, generic, hard, veterinary, recreational
SynonymsEdit
Derived termsEdit
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

VerbEdit

drug (third-person singular simple present drugs, present participle drugging, simple past and past participle drugged)

  1. (transitive) To administer intoxicating drugs to, generally without the recipient's knowledge or consent.
    She suddenly felt strange, and only then realized she'd been drugged.
  2. (transitive) To add intoxicating drugs to with the intention of drugging someone.
    She suddenly felt strange. She realized her drink must have been drugged.
  3. (intransitive) To prescribe or administer drugs or medicines.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Ben Jonson to this entry?)
TranslationsEdit
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Etymology 2Edit

Germanic ablaut formation, cognate with Dutch droeg, German trug, Swedish drog, Old English drōg.

VerbEdit

drug

  1. (Southern US) simple past tense and past participle of drag
    You look like someone drug you behind a horse for half a mile.
Usage notesEdit
  • Random House says that drug is "nonstandard" as the past tense of drag. Merriam-Webster once ruled that drug in this construction was "illiterate" but have since upgraded it to "dialect". The lexicographers of New World, American Heritage, and Oxford make no mention of this word.

Etymology 3Edit

NounEdit

drug (plural drugs)

  1. (obsolete) A drudge.
    (Can we find and add a quotation of Shakespeare (Timon iv. 3, 253) to this entry?)

ReferencesEdit


RomanianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Serbo-Croatian drug.

NounEdit

drug m (plural drugi)

  1. pole, stick

NounEdit

drug n (plural druguri)

  1. This word needs a definition. Please help out and add a definition, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

Serbo-CroatianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Slavic *drugъ, from Proto-Balto-Slavic *draugas, from Proto-Indo-European *dʰrowgʰos.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

drȗg m (Cyrillic spelling дру̑г)

  1. friend
  2. comrade

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

Related termsEdit

SynonymsEdit


SloveneEdit

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

drúg (not comparable)

  1. other, another, different

DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit

Last modified on 17 April 2014, at 19:23