Last modified on 9 January 2015, at 04:19

evolution

See also: Evolution and évolution

EnglishEdit

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EtymologyEdit

From Latin ēvolūtiō (the act of unrolling, unfolding or opening (of a book)), from ēvolūtus, perfect passive participle of ēvolvō (unroll, unfold), from ē (out of), short form of ex, + volvō (roll).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

Human-evolution-man.png

evolution (plural evolutions)

  1. The process of accumulating change.
    Among other forms of change, the evolution of transportation has involved modification, diversification, convergence, divergence, hybridization, differentiation, and naturally, selection.
  2. A progression of change, often branching and diversifying in the process.
    The ongoing evolution of mammals has resulted diverse forms including egg laying mammals such as the platypus, marsupials such as the kangaroo, and primates such as humans and lemurs.
    As the evolution of human understanding seems to accelerate almost exponentially, it is perhaps important to keep in mind that some members of humanity will understandably not wish to keep up, and in fact might not even be able to do so.
  3. (general) Gradual directional change especially one leading to a more advanced or complex form; growth; development.
    The evolution of the universe began with a bang.
    • 1922, Ben Travers, chapter 4, A Cuckoo in the Nest[1]:
      By some paradoxical evolution rancour and intolerance have been established in the vanguard of primitive Christianity. Mrs. Spoker, in common with many of the stricter disciples of righteousness, was as inclement in demeanour as she was cadaverous in aspect.
    • 1976, Richard Dawkins, The Selfish Gene:
      There are some examples of cultural evolution in birds and monkeys, but [] it is our own species that really shows what cultural evolution can do.
    • 2005, Eckhart Tolle, A New Earth:
      Suffering has a noble purpose: the evolution of consciousness and the burning up of the ego.
  4. (biology) The change in the genetic composition of a population over successive generations.
    • 1976, Richard Dawkins, The Selfish Gene:
      [Some books have] made the erroneous assumption that the important thing in evolution is the good of the species (or the group) rather than the good of the individual (or the gene).
    • 2013 May-June, Katrina G. Claw, “Rapid Evolution in Eggs and Sperm”, American Scientist, volume 101, number 3: 
      Many genes with reproductive roles also have antibacterial and immune functions, which indicate that the threat of microbial attack on the sperm or egg may be a major influence on rapid evolution during reproduction.
  5. (chemistry) The act or an instance of giving off gas; emission.
  6. (mathematics) The extraction of a root from a quantity.
  7. (military) One of a series of ordered movements.
  8. (dance, sports) A turning movement of the body.
    • 1869, Anon., Miss Langley's Will:
      It was a critical instant: the pirouette -- it would fail, she feared. … the rapid whirl achieved in exact time, the whole evolution executed to perfection.
    • 1825, Theodore Edward Hook, Sayings and Doings: Passion and principle:
      … as he beheld the tenfold pirouette of a lovely girl, which presented to the public eye the whole of her form and figure; … to praise the dexterity and ease with which the unfortunate and degraded creature had performed the ungraceful evolution, the only merit of which, is the gross exposition of person, at which modesty shudders […]
    • 1863, Knightley Willia Horlock, The master of the hounds:
      "Look now, that pirouette -- my stars! how Beauchamp would stare to see his darling perform such an evolution!"
    • 1869, William Clarke, The boy's own book:
      By this operation each foot will describe an arc or segment of a circle. … This evolution is performed sometimes on one foot, sometimes on the other …

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SwedishEdit

Swedish Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia sv

NounEdit

evolution c

  1. evolution; development
  2. (biology) evolution

DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit

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