Last modified on 7 September 2014, at 01:32

ferrum

LatinEdit

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 Ferrum on Latin Wikipedia

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EtymologyEdit

A loanword from an unknown source. According to de Vaan, possibly from a Phoenician dialect[1]: compare Phoenician 𐤁𐤀𐤓𐤆𐤄𐤋 (barzel), Classical Syriac ܦܪܙܠܐ (parzlā, iron). The word could have entered Latin through Etruscan.[2]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

ferrum n (genitive ferrī); second declension

  1. iron
  2. Any tool made of iron.
  3. sword
    Urbi ferrō flammāque minitatus est.
    He threatened the city with fire and sword.
    Ferro incumbere.
    To fall on his sword.

InflectionEdit

Second declension neuter.

Number Singular Plural
nominative ferrum ferra
genitive ferrī ferrōrum
dative ferrō ferrīs
accusative ferrum ferra
ablative ferrō ferrīs
vocative ferrum ferra

Related termsEdit

DescendantsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Michiel de Vaan (2008), Etymological Dictionary of Latin and the other Italic Languages, Leiden, Boston: Brill Academic Publishers, page 214
  2. ^ Klein, Dr. Ernest, A Comprehensive Etymological Dictionary of the English Language, Amsterdam: Elsevier Scientific Publishing Co., 1971.