Last modified on 21 May 2014, at 13:31

gaļa

See also: gala, Gala, gaļā, and γάλα

LatvianEdit

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 Gaļa on Latvian Wikipedia

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Gaļa

EtymologyEdit

The origin of this word has not been fully explained. It may have been derived from the same stem as the (dated) verb galēt (to kill) (cf. dzelt (to sting), derived from another grade of the same stem), so that it would have originally meant “stabbed, killed, slaughtered (animal).” A different hypothesis is that gaļa is cognate with Russian голый (gólyj, naked), its original meaning having been “naked (= skinned) flesh, meat.” Either way, gaļa has replaced in this sense the word miesa, formerly “meat,” now specifically “(human) flesh.” Cognates include Sudovian fała (probably misspelled *gala).[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

NounEdit

gaļa f (4th declension)

  1. meat (food obtained from the flesh of slaughtered animals)
    cūkas, aitas, jēra gaļa — pig, sheep, lamb meat (= pork, mutton, lamb)
    vērša, liellopu gaļa — ox, cattle meat (= beef)
    zivju gaļa — fish meat
    trekna, liesa gaļa — fatty, lean meat
    jēla, zaļa gaļa — raw, green (= raw) meat
    cepta, vārīta, žāvēta gaļa — fried, boiled, dried meat
    malta gaļa' — minced meat
    gaļas šķēlemeat slice
    gaļas kvalitātemeat quality
    sālīt, sautēt gaļu — to salt, to stew meat
    kāposti, pīrāgs ar gaļu — cabbage, pastry (pirogi) with meat
    gaļas ražošana, rūpniecībameat production, industry
    truša gaļu, tāpat kā teļa gaļu, organisms viegli izmanto... ar savu maigo un patīkamo garšu tā atgādina vistas gaļu
    rabbit meat, like veal (lit. calf meat), can be easily utilized (= digested) by the (human) organism... with its mild and pleasant taste, it is reminiscent of chicken meat
  2. (in the genitive, used adjectivally) meat (containing meat, cooked or prepared with meat)
    gaļas produktimeat products
    gaļas buljons, zupameat broth, soup
    gaļas mērcemeat sauce
    gaļas kotletes, pīrāgimeatballs, pastry (pirogi)
    gaļas konservi — canned meat
  3. (in the genitive, used adjectivally, of animals) meat (from which one obtains meat; reared in order to produce meat)
    gaļas cūka, govsmeat pig, cow
    gaļas lopimeat cattle
    gaļas cāļimeat chicks (= chicken)
  4. meat, flesh (animal muscular and adipose tissue; also, colloquially, human flesh, usually miesa)
    {{usex|gaļas olbaltumvielas|t=meat protein
    kur gaļa, tur kauli; kur āda, tur spalva
    where (there is) meat, (there are) bones; where (there is) skin, (there is) fur
    mans ievainojums nav smags, bet lode iedzinusi no šineļa gaļā vilnas piku
    my wound is not heavy (= serious), but the bullet drove in a lump of wool from the coat into (my) meat (= flesh)
  5. (rare) meat, flesh (soft, juicy part of a fruit)
    auglis (parastajai mandelei) no sāniem saspiests olveida kaulenis ar ādainu gaļu
    the fruit (of the common almond tree) is, from the side, a compressed oval drupe with leathery flesh

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

(of "flesh"): miesa

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “gaļa” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.