See also: gaoł

EnglishEdit

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The old Melbourne gaol

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English gayole, gaylle, gaille, gayle, gaile, via Old French gaiole, gayolle, gaole, from Medieval Latin gabiola, for *caveola, a diminutive of Latin cavea (cavity, coop, cage).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

gaol (plural gaols)

  1. (UK, Ireland, Australia) Alternative spelling of jail.
    • 1963, Margery Allingham, chapter 3, The China Governess[1]:
      ‘[…] There's every Staffordshire crime-piece ever made in this cabinet, and that's unique. The Van Hoyer Museum in New York hasn't that very rare second version of Maria Marten's Red Barn over there, nor the little Frederick George Manning—he was the criminal Dickens saw hanged on the roof of the gaol in Horsemonger Lane, by the way—’

Usage notesEdit

Gaol was formerly the usual spelling, and is still preferred in some proper names. Most Australian newspapers use jail rather than gaol, citing either narrower print width or the possibility of transposing letters in gaol to produce goal. [1]

SynonymsEdit

VerbEdit

gaol (third-person singular simple present gaols, present participle gaoling, simple past and past participle gaoled)

  1. (UK) Alternative spelling of jail.

TranslationsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1996, Sally A. White, Reporting in Australia, page 275

AnagramsEdit


IrishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish gáel (relationship): Proto-Celtic *gailo-; compare Lithuanian gailùs (compassionate); Gothic 𐌲𐌰𐌹𐌻𐌾𐌰𐌽 (gailjan, gladden), German geil (wanton); Greek φίλιος (fílios, friendly).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

gaol m (genitive gaoil, nominative plural gaolta)

  1. relationship, kinship; kindred feeling
  2. relation, kin; relative
  3. relation between things, connection

DeclensionEdit

MutationEdit

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
gaol ghaol ngaol
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Scottish GaelicEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Old Irish gáel (relationship): Proto-Celtic *gailo-; compare Lithuanian gailùs (compassionate); Gothic 𐌲𐌰𐌹𐌻𐌾𐌰𐌽 (gailjan, gladden), German geil (wanton); Greek φίλιος (fílios, friendly).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

gaol m (genitive gaoil)

  1. love, affection
    tha gaol agam ort — I love you (literally "is love at me on you")
    ghabh i trom ghaol air - she fell madly in love with him

DeclensionEdit

Bare forms

Case Singular Plural
Nominative gaol gaoil
Dative gaol gaoil
Genitive gaoil gaol
Vocative a ghaoil a ghaola

Forms with the definite article

Case Singular Plural
Nominative an gaol na gaoil
Dative a' ghaol na gaoil
Genitive a' ghaoil nan gaol

Usage notesEdit

The love expressed by gaol is more intimate in nature than that of gràdh.

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • An Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language, Alexander MacBain, Gairm Publications, 1982
Last modified on 10 April 2014, at 15:55