gauge

EnglishEdit

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Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English gage, gaugen, from Anglo-Norman, Old Northern French gauger (compare Modern French jauger from Old French jaugier), from gauge (gauging rod), from Frankish *galga (measuring rod, pole), from Proto-Germanic *galgô (pole, stake, cross), from Proto-Indo-European *g'hAlgh-, *g'hAlg- (perch, long switch). Cognate with Old High German galgo, Old Frisian galga, Old English ġealga (cross-beam, gallows), Old Norse galgi (cross-beam, gallows), Old Norse gelgja (pole, perch).

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

gauge (plural gauges)

  1. A measure; a standard of measure; an instrument to determine dimensions, distance, or capacity; a standard
    • 2007. Zerzan, John. Silence. p. 2.
      The record of philosophy vis-à-vis silence is generally dismal, as good a gauge as any to its overall failure.
  2. An act of measuring.
  3. Any instrument for ascertaining or regulating the level, state, dimensions or forms of things; as, a rain gauge; a steam gauge.
  4. A thickness of sheet metal or wire designated by any of several numbering schemes.
  5. The distance between the rails of a railway.
  6. (mathematics, analysis) A semi-norm; a function that assigns a non-negative size to all vectors in a vector space.
  7. (knitting) The number of stitches per inch, centimetre, or other unit of distance.

TranslationsEdit

Derived termsEdit

VerbEdit

gauge (third-person singular simple present gauges, present participle gauging, simple past and past participle gauged)

  1. (transitive) To measure or determine with a gauge; to measure the capacity of.
  2. (transitive) To estimate.
  3. (transitive) To appraise the character or ability of; to judge of.
    • Shakespeare
      You shall not gauge me / By what we do to-night.
  4. (textile, transitive) To draw into equidistant gathers by running a thread through it.

TranslationsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit


Old FrenchEdit

NounEdit

gauge f (oblique plural gauges, nominative singular gauge, nominative plural gauges)

  1. Alternative form of jauge.
Last modified on 10 April 2014, at 16:38