Last modified on 23 May 2014, at 11:27

grīva

See also: griva and grīvā

LatvianEdit

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 Grīva on Latvian Wikipedia

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Grīva

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *grīwā, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷrīwā (< *gʷriHweh₂) “neck”, “nape,” from the stem *gʷer- “throat,” “to swallow”, whence also Latvian dzert “to drink”). Cognates include Proto-Slavic *griva (mane) (Russian грива (gríva, mane) (dialectal also “narrow bay,” “steep river bank”), Belarusian грыва (hryva, mane) (dialectal also “dry place in a swamp”), Ukrainian грива (hryva, mane), Czech hříva, Polish grzywa), Sanskrit ग्रीवा (grīvā, neck).[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

NounEdit

grīva f (4th declension)

  1. estuary, mouth (the place at which a river reaches the sea)
    padziļināt upes grīvu — to deepen the river's estuary
    pie Daugavas grīvas bija pārāk daudz zvejnieku — at the mouth of the Daugava there were too many fishermen

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “grīva” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.