Last modified on 26 May 2014, at 01:58

grezns

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

There are diverging opinions on the origin of this word. It may possibly come from Proto-Baltic *grež-, from Proto-Indo-European *gʰreǵ-, *gʰerǵ-, from the stem *gʰer- (to rub, to knead, to grate) with an extra . The semantic evolution would have been: “rubbed” > “polished, shiny” > “beautiful, gorgeous (having external shine, beauty).” Another possibility is that grezns is etymologically related to Russian красный (krásnyj, red; (dial.) beautiful). Some specialists suggest that it may be a borrowing from Slavic. Cognates include Lithuanian gražùs (pretty, beautiful, nice), dialectal grãžnas.[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

AdjectiveEdit

grezns (def. greznais, comp. greznāks, sup. visgreznākais; adv. grezni)

  1. (of objects, spaces) splendid, luxurious, magnificent
    grezns tērpsluxurious costume
    greznas rotasmagnificent jewelry
    grezna vāzeluxurious vase
    apskatījām dodžu pili, kuras iekšiene bija pasakaini grezna, rotāta ar slavenu mākslinieku gleznām un freskām — we visited the doges' palace, the inside of which was incredibly luxurious, decorated with famous artists' paintings and frescoes
  2. rich, luxurious (characterized by wealth; which expresses wealth)
    greznas viesībasluxury party
    viņš kļuva grāmatvedis, kaut gan visvairāk kāroja greznu dzīvi — he became an accountant, even though he longed most of all for a luxurious life
  3. (of people) richly, luxuriously dressed
    dāma grezna, balta, stalta, sasprādzēta... — a magnificent lady, white, imposing, all buckled up...
  4. beautiful, bright, luxuriant, splendid (having bright colors, a beautiful shape)
    sevišķi skaistas, greznas un neparasti dažādas ir bulgāru rozes — the Bulgarian roses are particularly beautiful, luxuriant and unusually varied

DeclensionEdit

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ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “grezns” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.