Last modified on 7 June 2014, at 03:00

háček

See also: HACEK and Háček

EnglishEdit

Alternative formsEdit

The central consonant, /tʃ/, is variously Anglicized as ch or tch, Germanized as tsch, Polonized as cz, or left as c, either bare or adorned with a tečka (ċ), circumflex (ĉ) or háček below () (when referring to a háček written beneath a letter). The final consonant is sometimes written -ck instead of -k.

Háčeks adorning, from left to right:
c, e, l, ü (used in pinyin), ѯ, and σ (as in Cypriot Greek)

EtymologyEdit

First attested in 1951; from the Czech háček (háček, literally little hook), the diminutive of hák (hook) (from Middle High German hāken, from Old High German hāko (hook), from Proto-Germanic *hakô (hook), from Proto-Indo-European *keg-, *keng- (peg, hook)) + the diminutive suffix -ek. Cognate with and formed like English hooklet and German Häkchen. Also cognate with Old English haca (hook, door-fastening) and modern English hake (more information below).

PronunciationEdit

Headset icon.svg This entry needs audio files. If you have a microphone, please record some and upload them. (For audio required quickly, visit WT:APR.)
  • (Czech) IPA(key): [ˈɦaːtʃɛk],
    (file)

NounEdit

háček (plural háčeks or háčky)

  1. (orthography and typography) A caron; a diacritical mark (ˇ) usually resembling an inverted circumflex, but in the cases of ď, Ľ, ľ, and ť resembling a prime () instead.
    • 1948, Bohumil Emil Mikula, Progressive Czech (Bohemian), page 6:
      The caret (ˇ), háček, is used over the following consonants: c, d, n, t, r, s, and z to indicate the soft sound.
    • 1951, Hans Jakob Polotsky, Notes on Gurage Grammar, page 5:
      Linguistic forms had to be set in ordinary roman type and the capital C of Cäxa had to be left without a háček.
    • 1956, Morris Halle (editor), For Roman Jakobson, page 332:
      Good Teutonic Kitsch looks rather forlorn and out of place wearing a Bohemian háček over its shrunken hind quarters. But the high traditions of scholarship must be maintained, and on these pages Meester Kitsch will masquerade as Mr. Kič.
    • 1966, Charles Ernest Bazell et al. (editors), In Memory of J.R. Firth, page 205:
      In the system used here and elsewhere in this article for Bantu tone, low syllables are unmarked, high syllables have an acute accent, and rising syllables a haček respectively; thus a, á, ǎ.
    • 1991, Peter Hugh Reed, American Record Guide LIV:ii, page 69
      The printer had no hatchek — the flattened “v” that appears over letters in Czech — to put over Dvořak’s R. So somebody laboriously inked in all the hatcheks.
    • 2002, Torbjörn Lundmark, Quirky QWERTY, page 34
      háček used to signify the third tone ( — ‘five’)
    • 2005, Stavroula Varella, Language Contact and the Lexicon in the History of Cypriot Greek, page 46:
      Another orthographic practice [] was developed [] in the twentieth century: this is the adoption of the hacek for the representation of the Cypriot postalveolar fricatives and affricates, which are otherwise not distinguished by the normal characters of the Greek alphabet alone. It was not until very recently, therefore, that the spellings <σ̌>, <τσ̌>, <ζ̌> and <τζ̌>, for [ʃ], [tʃ], [ʒ] and [dʒ] respectively, became available.
    • 2006, Mary Betik Trojacek, Beyond Ellis Island, page 17:
      My father always wrote Bětik with a little “v” called haĉek, above the “e”; Marušaks placed the haĉek above the “s”.
    • For more examples of the usage of this term see Citations:háček, Citations:haček, Citations:hacek, Citations:haċek, Citations:hachek, Citations:hatcheck, Citations:hatschek, Citations:hǎcek, Citations:hatchek, Citations:hacheck, Citations:hac̬ek, Citations:haczek, Citations:háçek, Citations:hácek, Citations:haĉek, Citations:haceck and Citations:háčky.

SynonymsEdit

Coordinate termsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  • ‖háček” listed in the Oxford English Dictionary (2nd edition, 1989, with citations from 1953, 1959, 1980 and 1984)
    (‖ˈhaːtʃɛk, ˈhæ-) “above a consonant, it indicates palatalization (as č (), š (ʃ)) [] above e, it indicates the vowel phoneme jatʹ
  • ha•ček” listed in the Random House Unabridged Dictionary
    hä'chek “a diacritical mark (ˇ) [] [used in] Czech and Lithuanian, and in some systems of phonetic transcription”
  • ha·ček” listed in The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language (4th edition, 2000)
    häʹchĕk', from Czech háček, diminutive of hák [] , from Middle High German hāken, from Old High German hāko, from Proto-Indo-European keg-
  • háček” listed in the Compact Oxford English Dictionary of Current English (3rd edition, 2008)
    /ˈhɑːtʃɛk, ˈha-/ “a diacritic mark (ˇ) [] [used] in Slavic and other languages.” From Czech, diminutive of hák ‘hook’
  • háček” defined by Dictionarist.com
    “diacritical mark (inverted circumflex) [] if placed over the letter ‘c’ it changes the sound to ‘ch’”
  • háček” listed in the Collins English Dictionary online (December 2011)
    ˈhɑːtʃɛk “a diacritic mark (ˇ) [] used in Slavonic languages to indicate various forms of palatal articulation, as in [] č and [] ř used in Czech”
  • ha·ček” defined by Dictionary.com
    /ˈhɑtʃɛk/ Also, há·ček. Also called wedge. 1950–55; from Czech háček, diminutive of hák hook, from German

External linksEdit

AnagramsEdit


CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

hák +‎ -ek. The diminutive form of hák (hook); compare the German Häkchen.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

háček m

  1. little hook (diminutive form of hák)
  2. fishhook
  3. háček (diacritic)
  4. catch, snag (a concealed difficulty, especially in a deal or negotiation)

DeclensionEdit

See alsoEdit

DescendantsEdit


FrenchEdit

NounEdit

háček m (plural háčeks)

  1. háček

External linksEdit