Last modified on 8 July 2014, at 20:33
See also: half-

EnglishEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle English, from Old English healf (half); as a noun, 'half', 'side', 'part', from Proto-Germanic *halbaz; akin to Old Saxon, Old Frisian, and Dutch half, West Frisian heal, German halb, Swedish halv, Danish halv, Icelandic hálfur and Gothic 𐌷𐌰𐌻𐌱𐍃 (halbs). Compare halve, behalf.

PronunciationEdit

Rhymes: -ɑːf
Rhymes: -æf

AdjectiveEdit

half (not comparable)

  1. Consisting of a moiety, or half (1/2, 50%).
    a half bushel; a half hour; a half dollar; a half view
  2. Consisting of some indefinite portion resembling a half; approximately a half, whether more or less; partial; imperfect.
    a half dream; half knowledge
  3. (of a sibling) Having one parent (rather than two) in common.
    A half brother or half sister
  4. (rare, of a relative other than a sibling) Related through one common grandparent or ancestor rather than two.
    A half uncle or half aunt or half cousin
  5. (UK, time) Half an hour after the time given; half past.
    We went to bed at half ten.

Usage notesEdit

  • (consisting of a moiety, or half): The adjective and noun are often united to form a compound.

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

AdverbEdit

half (not comparable)

  1. In two equal parts or to an equal degree; in some part approximating a half; partially; imperfectly
    half-colored; half done; half-hearted; half persuaded; half conscious
    • John Dryden:
      Half loth and half consenting.
    • Nehemiah 13:24:
      Their children spoke half in the speech of Ashdod.

TranslationsEdit

NounEdit

half (plural halves)

  1. One of two equal parts into which anything may be divided, or considered as divided; — sometimes followed by of; as, a half of an apple.
    You don't know the half of it.
    • (Can we date this quote?), John Milton:
      Not half his riches known, and yet despised.
    • (Can we date this quote?), Alfred Tennyson:
      A friendship so complete Portioned in halves between us
    1. (sports) One of the two opposite parts of the playing field of various sports, in which each starts the game.
    • 2011 September 16, Ben Dirs, “Rugby World Cup 2011: New Zealand 83-7 Japan”, BBC Sport:
      However, the hosts hit back and hit back hard, first replacement hooker Andrew Hore sliding over, then Williams careering out of his own half and leaving several defenders for dead before flipping the ball to Nonu to finish off a scintillating move.
  2. Half of a standard measure; frequently used (UK) for half a pint of beer or cider.
    • 1968 (UK), John Braine, The Crying Game, Houghton Mifflin, p. 11,
      He came back with a pint of Guinness for me and a half of bitter for Wendy.
    • 1974 (UK), James Herriot, All Things Bright and Beautiful, St. Martin's Press, ISBN 0312020309,
      I accepted a half of bitter from him.
    • 2006 (UK), Bill Appleton, Wide Boy, Pegasus Elliot Mackenzie, ISBN 1843862530, p. 168,
      I went to the bar where I bought a pint and two large brandies. ... "Not brandy," she replied, "but I could use a long drink - maybe a half of lager."
  3. (preceded by “a” or a number) The fraction obtained by dividing 1 by 2.
    Three-quarters minus a quarter is a half.
  4. (obsolete) part; side; behalf

SynonymsEdit

  • (fraction obtained by dividing 1 by 2): ½

Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

half (third-person singular simple present halves, present participle halving, simple past and past participle halved)

  1. (transitive, obsolete) To halve.

TranslationsEdit

The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

StatisticsEdit


DutchEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Middle Dutch half, from Old Dutch, from Proto-Germanic *halbaz. Compare English half, German halb, West Frisian heal, Danish halv.

PronunciationEdit

AdjectiveEdit

half (not comparable)

  1. half
  2. (with numbers) half before the next whole
    half tien
    half past nine (i.e. half an hour before ten)
    anderhalf
    one and a half (half before two, with ander originally meaning second)

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit


GermanEdit

VerbEdit

half

  1. Past tense singular of helfen.