Last modified on 7 June 2014, at 03:00

hazard

EnglishEdit

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Wikipedia

EtymologyEdit

From Old French hasart (a game of dice) (noun), hasarder (verb), probably from Arabic الزّهر (az-zahr, the dice). Compare Spanish, Portuguese azar.

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

hazard (plural hazards)

  1. (historical) A type of game played with dice. [from 14th c.]
  2. Chance. [from 16th c.]
    • c. 1597, William Shakespeare, Richard III, act 5, scene 4:
      I will stand the hazard of the die.
    • 2006 May 20, John Patterson, The Guardian:
      I see animated movies are now managing, by hazard or design, to reflect our contemporary reality more accurately than live-action movies.
  3. The chance of suffering harm; danger, peril, risk of loss. [from 16th c.]
    He encountered the enemy at the hazard of his reputation and life.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Rogers:
      Men are led on from one stage of life to another in a condition of the utmost hazard.
    • 1599, Wm. Shakespeare, The Tragedy of Julius Caesar:
      Why, now, blow wind, swell billow, and swim bark! The storm is up and all is on the hazard.
    • 2006, Edwin Black, chapter 1, Internal Combustion[1]:
      If successful, Edison and Ford—in 1914—would move society away from the ever more expensive and then universally known killing hazards of gasoline cars:  [] .
    • 2009 December 27, Barbara Ellen, The Guardian:
      Quite apart from the gruesome road hazards, snow is awful even when you don't have to travel.
  4. An obstacle or other feature which causes risk or danger; originally in sports, and now applied more generally. [from 19th c.]
    The video game involves guiding a character on a skateboard past all kinds of hazards.
  5. (golf) sand or water obstacle on a golf course
  6. (billiards) The act of potting a ball, whether the object ball (winning hazard) or the player's ball (losing hazard).
  7. Anything that is hazarded or risked, such as a stake in gambling.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Shakespeare:
      your latter hazard
Derived termsEdit

TranslationsEdit

VerbEdit

hazard (third-person singular simple present hazards, present participle hazarding, simple past and past participle hazarded)

  1. To expose to chance; to take a risk.
    I'll hazard a guess.
    • (Can we date this quote?) John Clarke
      Men hazard nothing by a course of evangelical obedience.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Fuller
      He hazards his neck to the halter.
  2. To risk (something); to venture to incur, or bring on.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Shakespeare
      I hazarded the loss of whom I loved.
    • (Can we date this quote?) Landor
      They hazard to cut their feet.
TranslationsEdit

CzechEdit

EtymologyEdit

Borrowing from German, from Old French hasart.[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

hazard m

  1. gambling
  2. risk, gamble

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ hazard in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, Leda, 2007

FrenchEdit

NounEdit

hazard m (plural hazards)

  1. Archaic spelling of hasard, chiefly used before 1800

External linksEdit


ItalianEdit

NounEdit

hazard m (invariable)

  1. hazard lights (on a vehicle)

Middle FrenchEdit

NounEdit

hazard m (plural hazards)

  1. hazard; obstacle

DescendantsEdit


PolishEdit

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

hazard (plural: hazards)

  1. gambling

Serbo-CroatianEdit

PronunciationEdit

  • IPA(key): /xǎzard/
  • Hyphenation: ha‧zard

NounEdit

hàzard m (Cyrillic spelling ха̀зард)

  1. gamble, gambling
  2. risk, hazard

DeclensionEdit