Last modified on 17 May 2014, at 16:48

iesist

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From ie- (in, to) +‎ sist (hit).

PronunciationEdit

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VerbEdit

iesist tr., 1st conj., pres. iesitu, iesit, iesit, past iesitu

  1. to drive in, hit, strike so that something goes into something else
    iesist naglu dēlī ― to drive a nail into a log (by hitting it, e.g. with a hammer)
    iesist mietu zemē ― to drive a pole into the ground (by hitting it)
    iesist bumbu vārtos ― to drive the ball into the (soccer) goal (by kicking it)
    iesist vārtus ― to score a goal (lit. to drive, hit a goal in)
    iesist volejbola bumbu tīklā ― to drive the volleyball into the net
    vējš iesit krusu sejā ― the wind drives the hail into (one's) face
    milzis muļķīti iesit līdz ceļiem zemē ― the giant drove the fool into the ground up to his knees (by hitting him)
  2. (colloquial) to obtain (especially money, profit)
    iesist naudu ― to get (lit. drive in) money
    ja varēja sev iesist peļņu, neko nežēloja ― if he could score (lit. drive in) a profit, he didn't spare any (efforts)
    pārdod olas, lai iesistu vēl kādu santīmu ― (she) sells eggs in order to get (lit. drive in) an extra cent
  3. (often with dative complement) to hit, strike, give a sudden blow (to someone, something)
    iesist sunim ― to hit, to kick the dog
    iesist ar āmuru pa prikstiem ― to hit (someone) on the fingers with a hammer
    viņš man iesita ar knipi pa degunu ― he hit me with a flick on the nose (= he gave me a flick on the nose)
    ar saliektu kreiso roku zibenīgi iesitu uzbrucējam pakrūtē ― with (my) left arm bent I gave a lightning punch on the attacker's chest
    māte iesita pļauku Aijas paziņam ― mother slapped (lit. hit her hand (against)) Aija's friend
  4. to hit, strike (to create something (e.g., a hole, a dent) witg a blow on a surface)
    iesist krūzē robu ― to make (lit. hit) a crack on a mug
    iesist metālā iedobumu ― to make (lit. hit) a dent, cavity on metal
  5. to hit, strike (to have a sudden strong effect on something)
    klusām atvēru durvis... gaisma man iesita pierē ― silently I opened the dor... the light hit me on the forehead
    sūtstoša, degoša sāpe viņai iesit pa pirkstiem ― a sore, burning pain hit her on the fingers

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit