Last modified on 23 August 2014, at 11:04

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Baltic *ilga-, from *l˳gʰó-, the reduced grade of Proto-Indo-European *lēgʰ- (long). In Slavic, and Indic (Sanskrit), an extra prefix d(e)- was added (compare also Ancient Greek δολιχός (dolikhós)). According to a minority view (Pokorny), this d(e)- was actually part of the stem (cf. *dl̥h₁gʰós), and was lost in Baltic, Germanic, and Latin. Cognates include Lithuanian ìlgas, Old Prussian ilga, ilgi, Old Church Slavonic дльгъ (dlĭgŭ), длъгъ (dlŭgŭ), Russian долгий (dólgiy), Belarusian доўгі (doŭhi), Ukrainian довгий (dovhiy), Bulgarian дълъг (dǎ́lǎg), Czech dlouhý, Polish długi, Gothic 𐌻𐌰𐌲𐌲𐍃 (laggs), Old High German, German lang, Sanskrit दीर्घः (dīrghaḥ), Latin longus.[1]

PronunciationEdit

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AdjectiveEdit

ilgs (def. ilgais, comp. ilgāks, sup. visilgākais; adv. ilgi)

  1. (time) long (a large period of time)
    aizbraukt uz ilgu laiku — to depart for a long time
    pēc ilgiem laikiem atgriezties — to return after a long time
    sarunāties par ilgu — to talk too long
  2. long, long time (that which lasts or happens for a while, that which takes a while)
    ilgs brauciens, ceļojumslong trip
    ilga pastaigalong walk
    ilga cīņalong struggle
    ilgs miegslong sleep
    nodzīvot ilgu mūžu — to live a long life
    desmit minūšu ilgs pārtraukums — a ten minute long pause
  3. long (that which took a while to acquire)
    ilga pieredzelong experience
    ilgie novērojumilong observations

DeclensionEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “ilgs” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7