josla

See also: joslā

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the same stem found in josta (belt), Proto-Indo-European *yo(u)s- (to girdle) (itself from *yeu- (to bind)), but with a different suffix (-l(a) instead of -t(a)). Cognates include Lithuanian júoslas (tie, bind, bandage), and, with yet another suffix, Ancient Greek ζώνη (zṓnē, belt, sash, zone) (from *zṓsnā from *yo(w)s-nā-).[1]

PronunciationEdit

(file)

NounEdit

josla f (4th declension)

  1. strip, stripe (a narrow, elongated part of an object or a surface that differs from its surroundings)
    krāsu joslas audumā — red stripes on a piece of fabric
  2. strip of land, strip-like part of a surface
    zemes, tīruma josla — a land, field strip, lot
    tīrums sadalīts joslās — the field is divided into strips, plots
    šķēršļu josla — obstacle course, lane
  3. (geography) an elongated area in general; zone; area
    ekvatoriālā, tropu, subtropu, polārā joslā — equatorial, tropical, subtropical, polar zone
    laika josla, zona — time zone
  4. zone, region, area in general, of any form, on the ground, or on a given object
    stepju josla — steppe area
    apdraudēta josla — danger zone
    aizliegtā josla — forbidden zone
    neitrālā josla — neutral zone
    apstādījumu josla — plantation area
    mežu, piejūras josla — forest, coastal area
    plecu josla — shoulder area (part of the body around one's shoulder)
  5. (physics) range, band (variation interval for a physical variable)
    frekvenču josla — frequency range, band

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns. 1992, 2001. Latviešu etimoloģijas vārdnīca. Rīga: AVOTS. ISBN 9984700127.
Last modified on 20 March 2014, at 23:26