Last modified on 29 May 2014, at 22:40

kāsis

See also: kaŝis

LatvianEdit

Kāsis

EtymologyEdit

The origin of this word is not clear. It may stem from Proto-Indo-European *ḱāk-, *ḱak- (branch, pole), via metathesis (from *kāḱ- to Proto-Baltic *kāš- to Latvian kāsis), with the original meaning being “bent branch.” Cognates would then include Lithuanian dialectal kóšis, and maybe also Sanskrit काशिः (kāśiḥ, hollow of the hand), if indeed its older meaning was “meander,” “bent, crooked one.”

Proto-Indo-European *ḱāk-, *ḱak- without metathesis would have yielded the dialectal Latvian term saķis (bifurcated ending), Lithuanian šakà (branch), and Sanskrit शाखा (śākhā, branch).[1]

PronunciationEdit

NounEdit

kāsis m (2nd declension)

  1. hook (object with a curved, sharp tip used for suspending or hanging)
    dzelzs, tērauda kāsis — iron, steel hook
    uzkabināt uz kāša — to hang (something) on a hook
    pakārt katlu kāsi virs uguns — to hang the pothook over the fire
    nocelt podu no kāša — to lift, remove a pot from the hook
  2. stick, bar with a hook or crooked tip
    izvilkt ar kāsi ūdens spaini no akas — to pull a bucket of water from the well with a hook
  3. (something having) the form or shape of a hook
    dzērves, zosis un pīles lido kāsī vai rindā — cranes, geese and ducks fly in a hook or in a row
    saliekt stiepli kāsī — to bend the wire into a hook

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “kāsis” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN: 9984-700-12-7