Last modified on 5 May 2014, at 20:35

karalis

LatvianEdit

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 Karalis on Latvian Wikipedia

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Anglijas karalis Edvards I Plantagenets (1272-1307)
Karalis (3)

EtymologyEdit

A borrowing from Lithuanian karãlius, itself a borrowing from Belarusian кароль (karól’), ultimately from the name of Charlemagne (cf. Latin Carolus, German Karl, Karol). It was coined by A. Kronvalds in 1870. It soon became popular, possibly because of its similarity with Russian король (korolʹ, king) and its apparent connection to karš (war), and mostly replaced the earlier Germanism ķēniņš.[1]

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

karalis m (2nd declension, feminine form: karaliene)

  1. king (the monarch of a kingdom; the title of this monarch)
    Anglijas karalis — the king of England
    karaļa dinastijaroyal dynasty
    kronēt karali — to crown the king
  2. king (the most important, influential or outstanding member of a group)
    Zagroba ir cirku karalis — Zagroba is the circus king
    zvēru karalis — the king of animals, beasts
  3. (chess) king (the most important piece, the capture of which signals the end of a game of chess)

DeclensionEdit

SynonymsEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “karalis” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.