1935–40. From Yiddish קישקע (kishke), from Slavic—Polish kiszka, Russian кишка (kíška), or Ukrainian кишка (kýška). Ultimately from Proto-Slavic *kyša, *kyšьka (“intestine, stomach”). Related to Sanskrit कोष्ठ (koṣṭha, “intestine”) and possibly Ancient Greek κύστις (kustis, “bladder”).
The word has also entered regional English in Polish-American communities.
- IPA: /ˈkɪʃkə/
kishke (plural kishkes)
- A dish made from stuffed intestine.
- (informal, often in the plural) Intestines, guts.
- 1969, Subsequently she was over the toilet all night throwing up. ‘My kishkas came out from that thing! Some practical joker!’ — Philip Roth, Portnoy's Complaint
- (dish): blood pudding, blood sausage
- (dish): derma, stuffed derma, stuffed kishke
- (intestines): stomach, gut, guts
- “kishke” in The American Heritage Dictionary of the English Language, Fourth Edition, Houghton Mifflin Company, 2006.
- “kishke” in Dictionary.com Unabridged, v1.1, Lexico Publishing Group, 2006.
- “kishke” in Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary, Merriam-Webster Online.
- “kishke” in the The New Oxford American Dictionary, Second Edition, Oxford University Press, 2005
- “kishka” and “kishke” in Frederic Gomes Cassidy, Joan Houston Hall (1985), Dictionary of American Regional English, p 228, Harvard University Press, ISBN 067420519
- “кишка” in An Etymological Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language, Jaroslav B. Rudnycʼkyj, 1962–82.