Last modified on 7 December 2014, at 21:08



(index ky)

Finnish Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia fi


From Proto-Uralic *küńä. Cognates include Estonian küünar, Northern Sami gardnjil, Erzya кенерь (kenerʹ), Udmurt gyr in гырпум (gyrpum, elbow), Hungarian könyök.


  • IPA(key): /ˈkyːnæræ/
  • Hyphenation: kyy‧nä‧rä



  1. A traditional measure of length used in Sweden and Finland.
  2. An English cubit.


Usage notesEdit

In current usage, kyynärä mostly refers to the English cubit (=45.7 cm). Dictionaries sometimes offer ell as an alternative translation. The length of an ell has varied in the course of time, but currently an English ell equals 2.5 cubits (=114.3 cm), and is thus almost twice as long as the traditional Swedish/Finnish kyynärä (=59.4 cm). A German elle (=60 cm) is practically the same length as kyynärä, which may be one source for the confusion. The Scots have their own ell, which equals 94.5 cm. For more information on the confusing world of non-metric measures, check