laipns

LatvianEdit

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the same stem as the verb lipt (to stick, to adhere) (q.v.), from which it was derived (with vowel gradation, like laipa (footbridge), and an extra n; cf., without vowel gradation, the dialectal variant lipns). The semantic evolution was probably “sticky, adhesive” > “clingy” > “attentive” > “nice, polite, kind.” Cognates include Lithuanian lipnùs (sticky, adhesive; nice, kind).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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AdjectiveEdit

laipns (definite laipnais, comparative laipnāks, superlative vislaipnākais, adverb laipni)

  1. nice, polite, kind, friendly, warm, welcoming (one that treats others with attention, sensitivity, kindness, friendliness)
    laipns jaunietisfriendly, nice young man
    laipna namamātewelcoming hostess
    būt laipnam pret viesiem — to be courteous, welcoming to the guests
    esi, esiet tik laipns... — would you be so kind as to... (introducing a polite request)
  2. (such that it expresses or reflects such qualities: attention, politeness, kindness, friendliness...)
    laipns smaids — a kind, warm smile
    runāt laipnā balsī — to speak with a kind voice
    laipni vārdikind, welcoming words
    laipna uzņemšanawarm welcome

DeclensionEdit

Derived termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “laipns” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.
Last modified on 21 March 2014, at 00:18