Last modified on 3 June 2014, at 19:51

mēness

LatvianEdit

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 Mēness on Latvian Wikipedia

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Mēness

Alternative formsEdit

EtymologyEdit

From Proto-Indo-European *mḗh₁n̥s (moon, month), from Proto-Indo-European *mē-² (to measure). Cognates include Lithuanian mėnuo (month, moon), Old Church Slavonic мѣсѧць (měsęcĭ, moon, month) (Russian месяц (mésjac), Polish miesiąc, Czech měsíc), Sanskrit मास (māsa), Persian ماه (māh), Old Armenian ամիս (amis), Ancient Greek μήν (mḗn, moon), Latin mēnsis (month) (Spanish mes, Italian mese, French mois), Proto-Celtic *mīns (Irish , Welsh mis), Proto-Germanic *mēnōþs (month) (Old English mōnað, English month, German Monat, Dutch maand, Swedish månad).

PronunciationEdit

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NounEdit

mēness m (2nd declension, irregular nominative, genitive)

  1. (astronomy) moon (largest satellite of the Earth; often Mēness)
    mēness aptumsumslunar eclipse
    mēness virsmamoon surface
    mēness gaisma, mēnessgaismamoonlight
    mēness spīd — the moon shines
    mēness nakts — (full) moon night
    mēness jūramoon sea, mare (dark area on the surface of the moon)
    mēness kalendārslunar calendar
    mēness fāzesmoon phases
    jauns, augošs, pilns, dilstošs mēness — new, crescent, full, waning moon
    vecs mēness — old moon (visible only as a thin crescent oriented towards the sun)
    tukšs mēness — empty moon (new moon when entirely invisible)
    bāls kā mēness — pale as the moon
  2. (astronomy) moon, satellite (of another planet)
    Jupitera mēneši — the moons of Jupiter

DeclensionEdit

Usage notesEdit

  • When referring to the Earth's largest satellite as a location, mēness is often capitalized: Mēness.
  • The noun mēnesis (month) is often confused with its homonym mēness (moon), with which it has most declension forms in common (only the nominative singular and genitive singular forms of these two nouns are different).

Derived termsEdit

See alsoEdit