maksāt

See also: maksat

LatvianEdit

EtymologyEdit

From the same stem as maksa (fee, payment), made into a 2nd-conjugation verb (ending -āt).[1]

PronunciationEdit

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VerbEdit

maksāt tr. or intr., 2nd conj., pres. maksāju, maksā, maksā, past maksāju

  1. to pay (to give money in exchange for something)
    maksāt par precēm, par biļeti — to pay for merchandise, for tickets
    maksāt par darbu, par pakalpojumu — to pay for work, for services
    maksāt par malkas sazāģēšanu piecus latus — to pay 5 lats for sawing
    par tramvaja biļeti jāmaksā trīs santīmi — for a tram ticket one has to pay three santīmi
    par istabu nav maksāts no paša rudens — the room is not paid from (= since) autumn
    vēl bija mežzinim jāmaksā par mājas būves kokiem — the ranger still had to pay for the trees used to build houses
  2. to pay (to fulfill a financial obligation with money)
    maksāt parādus, nodokļus — to pay (one's) debts, taxes
    maksāt sodu — to pay a penalty
    maksāt algu — to pay a salary
    maksāt prēmijas — to pay bonuses
    maksāt ikmēneša pabalstu — to pay a monthly allowance
    īre jāmaksā līdz noteiktam datumam — one must pay the rent by a certain date
  3. to pay (to use a certain means to fulfill a financial obligation)
    maksāt skaidrā naudā — to pay (in) cash
    maksāt ar pārskaitījumu — to pay with a bank transfer
    maksāt naudā vai graudā — to pay (in) cash or in kind
    maksāt valūtā — to pay in (foreign) currency
    par darbu saimnieki maksāja tikai graudā — the farmers paid for work only in kind
  4. (usually 3rd person) to cost (to be worth a certain amount of money)
    uzvalks maksā simt latu — the suit costs one hundred lats
    cik maksā šis audums? — how much does this fabric cost?
    tas maksā dārgi, lēti — this costs a lot, little
    gleznas maksā naudu — paintings cost money
    ūdens nemaksā neko — (the) water costs nothing
  5. (usually 3rd person) to cost (to demand a certain amount of money for its realization)
    šosejas būve maksā miljonus — road construction costs millions
    cik maksā grāmatas iespiešana? — how much does book printing cost?
  6. (figuratively) to cost (to have bad consequences)
    nolaidība un ignorance, par kuru arī viņš ir atbildīgs, var maksāt jaundzimušajam dzīvību — begligence and ignorance, for which he is responsible, may cost the newborn's life

ConjugationEdit

Derived termsEdit

prefixed verbs:
  • aizmaksāt
  • apmaksāt
  • atmaksāt
  • iemaksāt
  • izmaksāt
  • nomaksāt
  • pārmaksāt
  • piemaksāt
  • samaksāt
other derived terms:

Related termsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ “maksa” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (Rīga: AVOTS) ISBN: 9984-700-12-7.
Last modified on 21 March 2014, at 00:39